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Table 2 Summary of results for M + 3

From: Smoking decreases the level of circulating CD34+ progenitor cells in young healthy women - a pilot study

   Whole group (n = 32) Non-smokers (n = 15) Smokers (n = 17)
CD34+ (% of PMBC) 0.08 ± 0.03 0.10 ± 0.03 0.06 ± 0.02*
CD34+/CD133+ (% of PMBC) 0.04 ± 0.02 0.05 ± 0.02 0.04 ± 0.01
EPC-CFU (per 106 PBMC) 27.1 ± 28.0 36.5 ± 34.0 18.8 ± 18.6
FMD (%) 9.2 ± 4.1 9.9 ± 4.5% 8.5 ± 3.7
NMD (%) 25.0 ± 7.3 24.3 ± 7.2 25.7 ± 7.5
Estradiol (pmol/l) 151 ± 75 175 ± 76 130 ± 70
Progesterone (nmol/l) 3.86 ± 1.54 3.12 ± 1.29 4.5 ± 1.48
  1. *p < 0.05 for comparison of non-smokers with smokers; values are mean ± SD; CD34+ = progenitor cells positive for haematopoietic stem cell marker CD34; CD34+/CD133+ = progenitor cells positive for hematopoietic stem cell markers CD34 and CD133; EPC-CFU = endothelial progenitor cells analyzed by in vitro formation of colony forming unit; FMD = flow-mediated dilation; NMD = nitro-mediated dilation