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Table 1 Demographic and health characteristics for the total sample and by therapy used

From: The use of complementary and alternative medicine by women experiencing menopausal symptoms in Bologna

Variables Total sample
N = 1106
CAM
N = 295
HRT
N = 114
CAM & HRT
N = 75
P*
Age (at 2006), mean ± SD 56.0 ± 5.3 55.8 ± 4.9 56.3 ± 5.2 55.6 ± 4.1 0.56
Marital status, n ( % )      
   Without partner 249 (22.7) 77 (26.4) 21 (18.4) 21 (24.7) 0.19
   With partner 849 (77.3) 215 (73.6) 93 (81.6) 54 (75.3)  
Education, n ( % )      
   Primary school 453 (41.0) 106 (36.2) 30 (26.3) 25 (33.3)  
   High school 473 (42.9) 131 (44.7) 57 (50.0) 33 (44.0) 0.41
   University 178 (16.1) 56 (19.1) 27 (23.7) 17 (22.7)  
Occupation, n ( % )      
   Unemployed 454 (41.8) 113 (39.0) 49 (44.1) 22 (30.1)  
   Non professional 157 (14.5) 40 (13.8) 6 (5.4) 7 (9.6) 0.05
   Professional 475 (43.7) 137 (47.2) 56 (50.5) 44 (60.3)  
Birth place, n ( % )      
   Bologna city 586 (53.5) 150 (51.4) 71 (62.3) 43 (57.3)  
   Bologna province 183 (16.7) 56 (19.2) 17 (14.9) 12 (16.0) 0.38
   Other 327 (29.8) 86 (29.4) 26 (22.8) 20 (26.7)  
Recruitment, n ( % )      
   FP&WH Clinic ** 950 (85.9) 269 (91.2) 84 (73.7) 56 (74.7)  
   Menopause Center 156 (14.1) 26 (8.8) 30 (26.3) 19 (25.3) < 0.001
Last menstruation, n ( % )      
   ≥ 12 months 670 (64.2) 188 (66.2) 87 (79.8) 56 (77.8)  
   2-11 months 140 (13.4) 41 (14.5) 10 (9.2) 12 (16.7) 0.012
   Last month 192 (18.4) 43 (15.1) 8 (7.3) 1 (1.4)  
   Surgical menopause 42 (4.0) 12 (4.2) 4 (3.7) 3 (4.2)  
CAM for other conditions, n (%)      
   No 856 (84.2) 175 (64.1) 101 (95.3) 47 (72.3) < 0.001
   Yes 161 (15.8) 98 (35.9) 5 (4.7) 18 (27.7)  
Use of other drugs, n ( % )      
   No 567 (51.3) 156 (52.8) 71 (62.3) 41 (54.7) 0.23
   Yes 539 (48.7) 139 (47.2) 43 (37.7) 34 (45.3)  
Current health, n ( % )      
   Poor (1-3) 104 (9.5) 37 (12.6) 8 (7.0) 4 (5.4)  
   Good (4-5) 587 (53.5) 161 (55.0) 65 (57.0) 39 (52.7) 0.18
   Excellent (6-7) 406 (37.0) 95 (32.4) 41 (36.0) 31 (41.9)  
Past health, n ( % )      
   Worse (1-3) 188 (17.3) 55 (18.8) 22 (19.6) 12 (16.0)  
   Same (4-5) 574 (52.7) 162 (55.5) 59 (52.7) 38 (50.7) 0.74
   Better (6-7) 328 (30.1) 75 (25.7) 31 (27.7) 25 (33.3)  
Menopausal symptoms, n (%≥5):      
   Severe hot flushes 187 (18.6) 74 (26.6) 12 (12.0) 25 (34.7) 0.01
   Severe insomnia 214 (21.3) 78 (29.7) 19 (18.5) 17 (24.3) 0.08
   Severe mood 132 (13.4 43 (16.0) 13 (12.4) 13 (19.1) 0.48
  1. * significant statistical level for difference between CAM, HRT, CAM and HRT use groups
  2. ** FP&WH Clinic = Family Planning and Womens' Health Clinic