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Table 2 Logistic regression model showing associated factors of antepartum depressive symptoms among women in a rural area of Bangladesh

From: Prevalence and associated factors of depressive and anxiety symptoms during pregnancy: A population based study in rural Bangladesh

Associated factors Depressed N = 132 (%) Non-depressed N = 588 (%) Adjusted OR CI95% Wald
Socioeconomic indicators      
Age      
   <20 years 22 (16.7) 135 (23.0) 1   
   20-34 years 90 (68.2) 413 (70.2) 1.48 0.71-3.06 1.09
   ≥35 years 20 (15.2) 40 (6.8) 3.00 1.12-8.01 4.79
Literacy      
   Cannot read and write 75 (56.8) 221 (37.6) 1   
   Can read and write 57 (43.2) 367 (62.4) 0.59 0.37-0.95 4.68
Poor household economic status      
   ≥BDT 31.25 59(44.7) 301 (51.2) 1   
   <BDT 31.25 73 (55.3) 287 (48.8) 0.91 0.57-1.45 0.16
Involve in income-generating activities      
   No 82 (62.1) 424 (72.1) 1   
   Yes 50 (37.9) 164 (27.9) 1.24 0.78-1.97 0.80
Family Support      
Relationship with husband      
   Good 74 (56.5) 473 (80.4) 1   
   Poor 57 (43.5) 115 (19.6) 2.23 3.37-3.62 10.49
Practical support during pregnancy      
   No support received 38 (28.8) 101 (17.2) 1   
   Support received 94 (71.2) 487 (82.8) 0.61 0.36-1.01 3.73
Intimate partner violence      
Experienced forced sex ever      
   No 14 (10.6) 136 (23.1) 1   
   Yes 118 (89.4) 452 (76.9) 1.95 1.01-3.75 3.95
Experienced multiple acts of physical violence      
   No 61 (46.2) 416 (70.7) 1   
   Yes 71 (53.8) 172 (29.3) 1.69 1.02-2.80 4.08
Obstetric indicators      
Parity      
   Multipara 107 (81.1) 413 (70.2) 1   
   Primipara 25 (18.9) 175 (29.8) 1.33 0.66-2.70 0.62
History of child death      
   No 93 (70.5) 459 (78.1) 1   
   Yes 39 (29.5) 129 (21.9) 1.15 0.69-1.92 0.29
Current pregnancy planned      
   No 81 (61.4) 271 (46.1) 1   
   Yes 51 (38.6) 317 (53.9) 0.76 0.48-1.21 1.32
Previous history of mental illness 1      
   No 86 (69.9) 505 (92.2) 1   
   Yes 37 (30.1) 43 (7.8) 4.62 2.72-7.85 31.91
  1. 1N = 671, because this information was collected during 2-3 months postpartum when 49 women were lost to follow-up due to out-migration, multiple birth, still birth, neonatal death, maternal and child death.