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Table 3 Mean and standard deviation of temptation score between stages of change in two women groups

From: Socio-demographic factors and processes associated with stages of change for smoking cessation in pregnant versus non-pregnant women

Variable Pre-contemplative Contemplative In preparation In action In maintenance p Kruskal-
Wallis test
Not pregnant women
Social Situation 20.1 (± 5) 17.2 (± 5.3) 14.7 (± 5.7) 12.6 (± 5.9) 11.0 (± 4.6) < 0.01
Negative Affect Situations 15.5 (± 2.5) 16.8 (± 2.7) 16.8 (± 3.3) 14.4 (± 4.0) 11.5 (± 4.2) < 0.01
Craving Situation 10.8 (± 2.9) 10.1 (± 3.6) 9.2 (± 4.2) 6.6 (± 3.1) 5.6 (± 2.4) < 0.01
Pregnant women
Social Situation 18.7 (± 2.6) 20 (± 1.9) 15.6 (± 4.6) 13.8 (± 5.0) 10.1 (± 5.2) < 0.01
Negative Affect Situations 16.7 (± 3.9) 17.2 (± 1.3) 15.7 (3.3) 12.7 (± 5.5) 8.8 (± 5.2) < 0.01
Craving Situation 8.5 (± 2.6) 11.6 (± 1.7) 6.9 (± 3.1) 5.3 (± 2.6) 4.4 (± 2.2) < 0.01