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Table 1 Characteristics of women with osteoporosis or osteopenia diagnosis according to prescription treatment status

From: Factors associated with treatment of women with osteoporosis or osteopenia from a national survey

  Study
Sample
(N = 3276)
No
Prescription
(n = 1476)
Prescription
Treatment
(n = 1800)
P value
Risk factors for fracture     
Age (mean) 64.4 63.3 65.2 < .001
Fracture history, %     
   None 62.9 64.2 61.7 .14
   1 15.3 14.7 15.8 .37
   ≥ 2 14.1 11.0 16.6 < .001
Osteoporosis, % 69.0 63.3 73.6 < .001
BMI (mean) 28.0 28.7 27.5 < .001
Family history of osteoporosis, % 50.6 49.1 51.9 .10
Glucocorticoid use, % 5.8 5.6 5.9 .64
Tobacco use, % 21.3 24.1 19.1 .001
Daily alcohol use, % 5.7 5.6 5.8 .73
Health Status     
SF-12v2 score     
   Physical summary 40.4 39.1 41.4 < .001
   Mental summary 49.1 48.3 49.7 < .001
Exercise in past month, d 6.8 6.4 7.2 .01
Years since diagnosis 6.4 6.3 6.5 .48
BMD testing, % 85.5 79.3 90.6 < .001
Postmenopausal, % 69.2 64.4 73.1 < .001
Hysterectomy with oophorectomy, % 29.1 28.6 29.6 .55
Comorbidity index score 1.02 1.07 0.97 .04
Prescription medications currently using for conditions other than osteoporosis, median 5.1 5.0 5.2 .13
Back pain, % 32.1 36.0 28.8 < .001
Osteoarthritis, % 50.5 55.6 46.3 < .001
Anxiety, % 25.2 30.3 21.1 < .001
Depression, % 24.0 26.6 21.9 .002
Disabled, % 8.0 8.7 7.4 0.18
Hospitalized (past 6 months), % 12.5 12.3 12.7 .69
Provider visits (6 months),%     
   PCP 84.2 81.7 86.2 .001
   Endocrinologist 5.3 4.9 5.6 .40
   Gynecologist 16.0 14.3 17.4 .02
   Nurse practitioner 15.0 15.4 14.7 .53
   Orthopedist 12.8 13.1 12.6 .69
   Rheumatologist 9.0 7.5 10.2 .008
Provider visits (6 months), %     
   1-2 45.2 41.7 48.2 < .001
   3-6 35.6 36.7 34.8 .27
   ≥ 7 10.9 10.8 10.9 .92
Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics
Race/ethnicity, %     
   White 90.5 89.8 91.0 .27
   African American 3.5 3.0 3.9 .17
   Hispanic 2.7 3.1 2.3 .17
   Other 3.3 4.0 2.7 .04
Graduated college, % 27.7 25.7 29.4 .02
Employed, % 25.3 27.6 23.4 .005
Prescription coverage, % 82.9 79.0 86.1 < .001
Income (thousand dollars/y), %     
   < 25 24.9 27.2 23.1 .02
   25- < 50 30.7 31.4 30.1  
   50- < 75 17.9 18.0 17.9  
   75- < 100 8.2 7.1 9.1  
   100- < 125 3.2 2.6 3.7  
   125-150 1.7 1.8 1.6  
   ≥ 150 2.4 2.2 2.6  
Out-of-pocket spending on prescriptions as a proportion of income 0.05 0.05 0.06 .05
Cost cutting actions, % 16.4 17.8 15.3 .05
Ask for generic, % 36.9 36.2 37.4 .48
Children in home 0.18 0.22 0.15 .002
Marital status     
   Married/partnered 56.9 57.7 56.2 .39
   Single 4.3 4.1 4.6 .49
   Divorced/separated 20.8 22.0 19.9 .14
Widowed 17.9 16.2 19.3 .02
  1. Abbreviations: BMD = bone mineral density; BMI = body mass index; d = days; N = total number in study sample; n = number in subgroup; PCP = primary care provider; SF-12v2 = Short Form-12, version 2.0; y = year.