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Table 2 Association between risk factors for fracture and prescription treatment of osteoporosis/osteopenia

From: Factors associated with treatment of women with osteoporosis or osteopenia from a national survey

   95% Confidence Interval  
  Odds Ratio Low High P value
Age cohort (y)     
   40-55 Reference    
   55-64 1.33 0.98 1.79 .07
   65-74 1.43 1.05 1.94 .02
   ≥ 75 1.17 0.79 1.72 .44
Fracture history     
   0 Reference    
   1 1.02 0.82 1.26 .86
   ≥ 2 1.50 1.19 1.88 .001
Osteoporosis (vs. osteopenia) 2.08 1.75 2.47 < .001
BMI 0.98 0.97 0.99 .003
Family history of osteoporosis 1.22 1.05 1.42 .01
Glucocorticoid use 0.84 0.60 1.18 .32
Tobacco use 0.84 0.69 1.02 .08
Daily alcohol use 0.87 0.63 1.20 .39
  1. Abbreviations: BMD = bone mineral density; BMI = body mass index.
  2. Variables listed in Tables 2, 3, and 4 were all included in the same regression model but are presented separately to highlight the 3 different groups of factors.