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Table 4 Association between demographic and socioeconomic variables and prescription treatment of osteoporosis/osteopenia

From: Factors associated with treatment of women with osteoporosis or osteopenia from a national survey

   95% Confidence Interval  
  Odds Ratio Low High P value
Race/ethnicity     
   White Reference    
   African American 1.34 0.88 2.05 .17
   Hispanic 0.92 0.57 1.47 .73
   Other 0.82 0.53 1.25 .35
Graduated college 1.09 0.92 1.31 .32
Employed 0.88 0.73 1.07 .21
Prescription coverage 1.49 1.22 1.82 < .001
Income ($25,000 unit) 1.08 1.01 1.15 .04
Out-of-pocket spending on prescriptions as a proportion of income 2.42 1.21 4.84 .01
Cost cutting actions 0.95 0.77 1.16 .60
Ask for generic 1.06 0.90 1.24 .48
Children in home 0.92 0.81 1.05 .21
Marital status     
   Married reference reference reference  
   Single 1.49 1.02 2.20 .04
   Divorced/separated 1.11 0.91 1.36 .31
Widowed 1.20 0.97 1.50 .10
  1. Variables listed in Tables 2, 3, and 4 were all included in the same regression model but are presented separately to highlight the 3 different groups of factors.