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Table 1 Univariate analysis showing association of socio-demographic, parenting and schooling with poor sexual health knowledge

From: Determinants of sexual health knowledge in adolescent girls in schools of Riyadh-Saudi Arabia: a cross sectional study

  Age group ≤15 years Age group >15 years
(n = 255) (n = 164)
Variables Poor sexual health knowledge n = 138 (54.1%) Appropriate sexual health knowledge n = 117 (45.9%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Poor sexual health knowledge n = 116 (70.7%) Appropriate sexual health knowledge n = 48 (29.3%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI)
Father’s Education level
Graduate/postgraduate 101 (73.2) 95 (81.2) 1 (reference) 85 (73.3) 37 (77.1) 1 (reference)
Secondary/primary 37 (26.8) 22 (18.8) 1.58(0.87–2.87) 31 (26.7) 11 (22.9) 1.23(0.57–2.70)
Mother’s Education level
Graduate/post graduate 76 (55.1) 74 (63.2) 1 (reference) 48 (41.4) 29 (60.4) 1 (reference)
Secondary/primary 62 (44.9) 43 (36.8) 1.40(0.48–2.32) 68 (58.6) 19 (39.6) 2.16(1.08–4.30)
Having sister as sibling
One and more 120 (87.6) 111 (94.9) 1 (reference) 108 (93.1) 47 (97.9) 1 (reference)
None 17 (12.4) 6 (5.1) 2.62(0.99–6.88) 8 (6.9) 1 (2.1) 3.48(0.42–28.6)
Birth Order
Eldest among siblings 96(69.6) 98 (83.8) 1 (reference) 89 (76.7) 33 (68.8) 1 (reference)
2nd or later in birth order 42 (30.4) 19 (16.2) 2.26(1.22–4.17) 27 (23.3) 15 (31.3) 0.67(0.32–1.41)
Living with parents
Both 129 (95.6) 104 (88.9) 1 (reference) 104 (89.7) 44 (91.7) 1 (reference)
Single 6 (4.4) 13 (11.1) 0.37(0.14–1.01) 12 (10.3) 4 (8.3) 1.27(0.38–4.2)
Source of sexual health knowledge
Friends 8 (5.9) 8 (6.8) 1 (reference) 6 (5.2) 12 (25) 1 (reference)
Parents 51 (37.80 40 (34.2) 1.27(0.44–3.69) 37 (32.2) 7 (14.6) 10.57(3.0–37.6)
School 24 (17.8) 18 (15.4) 1.33(0.42–4.23) 31 (27) 11 (22.9) 5.63 (1.7–18.6)
Maid 38 (28.1) 30 (25.6) 1.26(0.42–3.77) 23 (20) 10 (20.8) 4.6(1.34–15.73)
Media sources1 14 (10.4) 21 (17.9) 0.66(0.20–2.19) 18 (15.7) 8 (16.7) 4.5(1.24–16.28)
Comfortable discussing sexual matters with:
Close friend of same age 45 (34.4) 44 (38.6) 1 (reference) 64 (56.6) 22 (47.8) 1 (reference)
Parents 20 (15.3) 21 (18.4) 0.93(0.44–1.95) 15 (13.3) 10 (21.7) 0.51(0.20–1.31)
Relatives/siblings 31 (23.7) 27 (23.7) 1.12(0.58–2.18) 25 (22.1) 8 (17.4) 1.07(0.42–2.72)
Maids 35 (26.7) 22 (19.3) 1.56(0.79–3.05) 9 (8) 6 (13) 0.52(0.16–1.61)
Parents role in sexual knowledge
Major 116 (84.1) 106 (90.6) 1 (reference) 97 (83.6) 31 (64.6) 1 (reference)
Minor 22 (15.9) 11 (9.4) 1.83(0.85–3.95) 19 (16.4) 17 (35.4) 0.35(0.16–0.77)
Attending
Public School 76 (55.1) 68 (58.1) 1 (reference) 77 (66.4) 32 (66.7) 1 (reference)
Private school 62 (44.9) 49 (41.9) 1.13(0.69–1.86) 39 (33.6) 16 (33.3) 1.01(0.49–2.07)
School curriculum discusses sexual topics
Yes 68 (49.3) 40 (34.2) 1 (reference) 61 (52.6) 22 (45.8) 1 (reference)
No 70 (50.7) 77 (65.8) 0.53(0.32–0.88) 55 (47.4) 26 (54.2) 0.76(0.39–1.49)
School curriculum adequate 2
Yes 45 (66.2) 31 (77.5) 1 (reference) 52 (85.2) 20 (90.9) 1 (reference)
No 23 (33.8) 9 (22.5) 1.76(0.72–4.31) 9 (14.8) 2 (9.1) 1.73(0.34–8.72)
Role of Teachers
Co-operative 85 (61.6) 71 (60.7) 1 (reference) 69 (59.5) 28 (58.3) 1 (reference)
Un co-operative 53 (38.4) 46 (39.3) 0.96(0.58–1.59) 47 (40.5) 20 (41.7) 0.95(0.48–1.88)
  1. 1Books, magazines, internet.
  2. 2Only those included who said curriculum discusses sexual topics.