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Table 1 Knowledge about HIV/AIDS, PMTCT and ART

From: Knowledge, perception about antiretroviral therapy (ART) and prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) and adherence to ART among HIV positive women in the Ashanti Region, Ghana: a cross-sectional study

Variable Total N %
Mode of spread of HIV/AIDS*    
 Sexual intercourse 206 203 98.5
 Blood transfusion 206 188 91.3
 Unsterile instrument 206 199 96.6
 MTCT 206 179 87.7
 Other (spiritual) 206 33 15.0
Mother to child transmission    
 Possible 206 190 92.2
 Not possible 206 1 0.5
 Don’t know 206 15 7.3
Mode of mother –to-child transmission*    
 In the womb (intrauterine) 190 179 94.2
 During delivery 190 154 81.1
 Through breastfeeding 190 187 98.4
MTCT preventable?    
 Preventable 206 182 88.3
 Not preventable 206 8 3.8
 Don’t know 206 15 7.2
Means of PMTCT*    
 Giving ART 182 176 96.7
 Avoiding breastfeeding 182 162 89.0
 C/S delivery 182 69 37.9
Antiretrovials*    
 Drug to prevent transmission to baby 206 58 28.2
 Drug to cure HIV 206 78 37.9
 Drug to prevent death from HIV/AIDS 206 147 71.4
 Drug to prolong lives 206 184 89.3
 Works effectively with optimal adherence 206 200 97.6
  1. *Multiple responses.