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Table 1 Baseline demographic and risk factor characteristics by alcohol type preference in the WHI OS+CT cohort

From: Preference for wine is associated with lower hip fracture incidence in post-menopausal women

Covariate

Drinker type classification

Total

χ2p-value

Prefer beer

Prefer liquor

No preference

Infrequent drinker

Prefer wine

Non-drinker

Past drinker

Cohort

5405 4.7

10412 9.0

12876 11.1

14483 12.5

38841 33.6

12805 11.1

20833 18.0

115655

 

Characteristics at baseline

Ethnicity

<.0001

American Indian or Alaskan Native

29

33

42

53

100

78

116

451

 

0.5

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.3

0.6

0.6

  

Asian or Pacific Islander

104

66

141

482

581

1253

660

3287

 

1.9

0.6

1.1

3.3

1.5

9.8

3.2

  

Black or African-American

566

636

693

1256

1636

1702

3098

9587

 

10.5

6.1

5.4

8.7

4.2

13.3

14.9

  

Hispanic/Latino

370

190

400

588

955

829

980

4312

 

6.9

1.8

3.1

4.1

2.5

6.5

4.7

  

White (not of Hispanic origin)

4271

9407

11495

11923

35193

8741

15710

96740

 

79.0

90.4

89.3

82.3

90.6

68.3

75.4

  

Other

65

80

105

181

376

202

269

1278

 

1.2

0.8

0.8

1.3

1.0

1.6

1.3

  

Age group at screening

<.0001

<50-59

2251

2819

4981

5467

13379

3523

6667

39087

 

41.4

27.1

38.7

37.8

34.5

27.5

32.0

  

60-69

2355

4917

5709

6324

17772

5896

9384

52357

 

43.6

47.2

44.3

43.7

45.8

46.0

45.0

  

70-79+

799

2676

2186

2692

7690

3386

4782

24211

 

14.8

25.7

17.0

18.6

19.8

26.4

23.0

  

Education

<.0001

High school or less

2038

3171

3234

5044

8858

5835

8625

36805

 

37.7

30.5

25.1

34.8

22.8

45.6

41.4

  

Some college/AA

1410

3040

3575

4306

10568

3009

5708

31616

 

26.1

29.2

27.8

29.7

27.2

23.5

27.4

  

College/post sec.

1957

4201

6067

5133

19415

3961

6500

47234

 

36.2

40.4

47.1

35.4

50.0

30.9

31.2

  

Osteoporosis

<.0001

No

5104

9748

12148

13566

36291

11726

19075

107658

 

94.4

93.6

94.4

93.7

93.4

91.6

91.6

  

Yes

301

664

728

917

2550

1079

1758

7997

 

5.6

6.4

5.7

6.3

6.6

8.4

8.4

  

Number of falls in the past 12 months

<.0001

None

3727

7256

8670

9962

26733

9013

14223

79584

 

69.0

69.7

67.3

68.8

68.8

70.4

68.3

  

1 time

1035

2009

2622

2830

7825

2340

3990

22651

 

19.2

19.3

20.4

19.5

20.2

18.3

19.2

  

2 times

425

804

1104

1166

2973

956

1682

9110

 

7.9

7.7

8.6

8.1

7.7

7.5

8.1

  

3 or more times

218

343

480

525

1310

496

938

4310

 

4.0

3.3

3.7

3.6

3.4

3.9

4.5

  

Prior hip fracture at baseline at age 55+

0.0193

No

5391

10375

12849

14441

38723

12757

20744

115280

 

99.7

99.6

99.8

99.7

99.7

99.6

99.6

  

Yes

14

37

27

42

118

48

89

375

 

0.3

0.4

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.4

  

Parent had hip fracture at age 55+

<.0001

No

4763

8974

11148

12638

33545

11212

18303

100583

 

88.1

86.2

86.6

87.3

86.4

87.6

87.9

  

Yes

642

1438

1728

1845

5296

1593

2530

15072

 

11.9

13.8

13.4

12.7

13.6

12.4

12.1

  

On bisphosphonate medication at screening

<.0001

No

5328

10228

12670

14290

38020

12540

20481

113557

 

98.6

98.2

98.4

98.7

97.9

97.9

98.3

  

Yes

77

184

206

193

821

265

352

2098

 

1.4

1.8

1.6

1.3

2.1

2.1

1.7

  

Amount of alcohol consumption

NA

Servings per week

4.2

6.1

3.4

0

3.7

0

0

2.4

 

6.3

7.3

5.4

0.0

5.2

0.0

0.0

4.8

 

Category of alcohol consumption

NA

Non-drinker

0

0

0

0

0

12805

0

12805

 

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

100.0

0.0

  

Past drinker

0

0

0

0

0

0

20833

20833

 

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

100.0

  

<1 drink per month

0

0

0

14483

0

0

0

14483

 

0.0

0.0

0.0

100.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

  

<1 drink per week

1832

2373

5504

0

14135

0

0

23844

 

33.9

22.8

42.8

0.0

36.4

0.0

0.0

  

1-<7 drinks per week

2580

4549

5702

0

17302

0

0

30133

 

47.7

43.7

44.3

0.0

44.6

0.0

0.0

  

7+ drinks per week

993

3490

1670

0

7404

0

0

13557

 

18.4

33.5

13.0

0.0

19.1

0.0

0.0

  

Smoking status

<.0001

Never Smoked

2161

3677

5729

8225

18982

11129

9938

59841

 

40.0

35.3

44.5

56.8

48.9

86.9

47.7

  

Past Smoker

2623

5306

6284

5119

18011

1419

9370

48132

 

48.5

51.0

48.8

35.3

46.4

11.1

45.0

  

Current Smoker

621

1429

863

1139

1848

257

1525

7682

 

11.5

13.7

6.7

7.9

4.8

2.0

7.3

  

HT Use

<.0001

Never used

2451

4466

5018

6543

14962

6319

9666

49425

 

45.4

42.9

39.0

45.2

38.5

49.4

46.4

  

Past user

790

1661

1839

2158

5609

1968

3489

17514

 

14.6

16.0

14.3

14.9

14.4

15.4

16.8

  

Current user

2164

4285

6019

5782

18270

4518

7678

48716

 

40.0

41.2

46.8

39.9

47.0

35.3

36.9

  

Physical activity

    

<.0001

MET hours per week

12.2

12.6

13.9

10.6

14.7

10.1

10.9

12.6

 

14.1

13.5

14.0

12.5

14.3

12.6

13.5

13.8

 

BMI

        

<.0001

Underweight

54

69

71

85

353

168

201

1001

 

1.0

0.7

0.6

0.6

0.9

1.3

1.0

  

Normal

1896

3711

4626

3989

16488

3965

5795

40470

 

35.1

35.6

35.9

27.5

42.5

31.0

27.8

  

Overweight

1869

3816

4710

4845

13814

4278

6817

40149

 

34.6

36.7

36.6

33.5

35.6

33.4

32.7

  

Obese I

1037

1797

2243

3256

5573

2603

4537

21046

 

19.2

17.3

17.4

22.5

14.4

20.3

21.8

  

Obese II

365

691

834

1455

2952

1134

2131

8541

 

6.8

6.6

6.5

10.1

4.7

8.9

10.2

  

Obese III

184

328

392

853

772

657

1352

4538

 

3.4

3.2

3.0

5.9

2.0

5.1

6.5

  

Incident hip fracture during follow up

0.0065

No

5344

10272

12749

14308

38459

12640

20593

114365

 

98.9

98.7

99.0

98.8

99.0

98.7

98.9

  

Yes

61

140

127

175

382

165

240

1290

 

1.1

1.3

1.0

1.2

1.0

1.3

1.2

  

Death during follow up

<.0001

No

5127

9772

12357

13765

37194

12065

19323

109603

 

94.9

93.9

96.0

95.0

95.8

94.2

92.8

  

Yes

278

640

519

718

1647

740

1510

6052

 

5.1

6.2

4.0

5.0

4.2

5.8

7.3

  
  1. Note: counts and percentages are presented for categorical variables; means and standard deviations are presented for continuous variables.