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Table 1 Baseline demographic and risk factor characteristics by alcohol type preference in the WHI OS+CT cohort

From: Preference for wine is associated with lower hip fracture incidence in post-menopausal women

Covariate Drinker type classification Total χ2p-value
Prefer beer Prefer liquor No preference Infrequent drinker Prefer wine Non-drinker Past drinker
Cohort 5405 4.7 10412 9.0 12876 11.1 14483 12.5 38841 33.6 12805 11.1 20833 18.0 115655  
Characteristics at baseline
Ethnicity <.0001
American Indian or Alaskan Native 29 33 42 53 100 78 116 451  
0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.6   
Asian or Pacific Islander 104 66 141 482 581 1253 660 3287  
1.9 0.6 1.1 3.3 1.5 9.8 3.2   
Black or African-American 566 636 693 1256 1636 1702 3098 9587  
10.5 6.1 5.4 8.7 4.2 13.3 14.9   
Hispanic/Latino 370 190 400 588 955 829 980 4312  
6.9 1.8 3.1 4.1 2.5 6.5 4.7   
White (not of Hispanic origin) 4271 9407 11495 11923 35193 8741 15710 96740  
79.0 90.4 89.3 82.3 90.6 68.3 75.4   
Other 65 80 105 181 376 202 269 1278  
1.2 0.8 0.8 1.3 1.0 1.6 1.3   
Age group at screening <.0001
<50-59 2251 2819 4981 5467 13379 3523 6667 39087  
41.4 27.1 38.7 37.8 34.5 27.5 32.0   
60-69 2355 4917 5709 6324 17772 5896 9384 52357  
43.6 47.2 44.3 43.7 45.8 46.0 45.0   
70-79+ 799 2676 2186 2692 7690 3386 4782 24211  
14.8 25.7 17.0 18.6 19.8 26.4 23.0   
Education <.0001
High school or less 2038 3171 3234 5044 8858 5835 8625 36805  
37.7 30.5 25.1 34.8 22.8 45.6 41.4   
Some college/AA 1410 3040 3575 4306 10568 3009 5708 31616  
26.1 29.2 27.8 29.7 27.2 23.5 27.4   
College/post sec. 1957 4201 6067 5133 19415 3961 6500 47234  
36.2 40.4 47.1 35.4 50.0 30.9 31.2   
Osteoporosis <.0001
No 5104 9748 12148 13566 36291 11726 19075 107658  
94.4 93.6 94.4 93.7 93.4 91.6 91.6   
Yes 301 664 728 917 2550 1079 1758 7997  
5.6 6.4 5.7 6.3 6.6 8.4 8.4   
Number of falls in the past 12 months <.0001
None 3727 7256 8670 9962 26733 9013 14223 79584  
69.0 69.7 67.3 68.8 68.8 70.4 68.3   
1 time 1035 2009 2622 2830 7825 2340 3990 22651  
19.2 19.3 20.4 19.5 20.2 18.3 19.2   
2 times 425 804 1104 1166 2973 956 1682 9110  
7.9 7.7 8.6 8.1 7.7 7.5 8.1   
3 or more times 218 343 480 525 1310 496 938 4310  
4.0 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.9 4.5   
Prior hip fracture at baseline at age 55+ 0.0193
No 5391 10375 12849 14441 38723 12757 20744 115280  
99.7 99.6 99.8 99.7 99.7 99.6 99.6   
Yes 14 37 27 42 118 48 89 375  
0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4   
Parent had hip fracture at age 55+ <.0001
No 4763 8974 11148 12638 33545 11212 18303 100583  
88.1 86.2 86.6 87.3 86.4 87.6 87.9   
Yes 642 1438 1728 1845 5296 1593 2530 15072  
11.9 13.8 13.4 12.7 13.6 12.4 12.1   
On bisphosphonate medication at screening <.0001
No 5328 10228 12670 14290 38020 12540 20481 113557  
98.6 98.2 98.4 98.7 97.9 97.9 98.3   
Yes 77 184 206 193 821 265 352 2098  
1.4 1.8 1.6 1.3 2.1 2.1 1.7   
Amount of alcohol consumption NA
Servings per week 4.2 6.1 3.4 0 3.7 0 0 2.4  
6.3 7.3 5.4 0.0 5.2 0.0 0.0 4.8  
Category of alcohol consumption NA
Non-drinker 0 0 0 0 0 12805 0 12805  
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0   
Past drinker 0 0 0 0 0 0 20833 20833  
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0   
<1 drink per month 0 0 0 14483 0 0 0 14483  
0.0 0.0 0.0 100.00 0.0 0.0 0.0   
<1 drink per week 1832 2373 5504 0 14135 0 0 23844  
33.9 22.8 42.8 0.0 36.4 0.0 0.0   
1-<7 drinks per week 2580 4549 5702 0 17302 0 0 30133  
47.7 43.7 44.3 0.0 44.6 0.0 0.0   
7+ drinks per week 993 3490 1670 0 7404 0 0 13557  
18.4 33.5 13.0 0.0 19.1 0.0 0.0   
Smoking status <.0001
Never Smoked 2161 3677 5729 8225 18982 11129 9938 59841  
40.0 35.3 44.5 56.8 48.9 86.9 47.7   
Past Smoker 2623 5306 6284 5119 18011 1419 9370 48132  
48.5 51.0 48.8 35.3 46.4 11.1 45.0   
Current Smoker 621 1429 863 1139 1848 257 1525 7682  
11.5 13.7 6.7 7.9 4.8 2.0 7.3   
HT Use <.0001
Never used 2451 4466 5018 6543 14962 6319 9666 49425  
45.4 42.9 39.0 45.2 38.5 49.4 46.4   
Past user 790 1661 1839 2158 5609 1968 3489 17514  
14.6 16.0 14.3 14.9 14.4 15.4 16.8   
Current user 2164 4285 6019 5782 18270 4518 7678 48716  
40.0 41.2 46.8 39.9 47.0 35.3 36.9   
Physical activity      <.0001
MET hours per week 12.2 12.6 13.9 10.6 14.7 10.1 10.9 12.6  
14.1 13.5 14.0 12.5 14.3 12.6 13.5 13.8  
BMI          <.0001
Underweight 54 69 71 85 353 168 201 1001  
1.0 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.9 1.3 1.0   
Normal 1896 3711 4626 3989 16488 3965 5795 40470  
35.1 35.6 35.9 27.5 42.5 31.0 27.8   
Overweight 1869 3816 4710 4845 13814 4278 6817 40149  
34.6 36.7 36.6 33.5 35.6 33.4 32.7   
Obese I 1037 1797 2243 3256 5573 2603 4537 21046  
19.2 17.3 17.4 22.5 14.4 20.3 21.8   
Obese II 365 691 834 1455 2952 1134 2131 8541  
6.8 6.6 6.5 10.1 4.7 8.9 10.2   
Obese III 184 328 392 853 772 657 1352 4538  
3.4 3.2 3.0 5.9 2.0 5.1 6.5   
Incident hip fracture during follow up 0.0065
No 5344 10272 12749 14308 38459 12640 20593 114365  
98.9 98.7 99.0 98.8 99.0 98.7 98.9   
Yes 61 140 127 175 382 165 240 1290  
1.1 1.3 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.3 1.2   
Death during follow up <.0001
No 5127 9772 12357 13765 37194 12065 19323 109603  
94.9 93.9 96.0 95.0 95.8 94.2 92.8   
Yes 278 640 519 718 1647 740 1510 6052  
5.1 6.2 4.0 5.0 4.2 5.8 7.3   
  1. Note: counts and percentages are presented for categorical variables; means and standard deviations are presented for continuous variables.