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Table 2 Associations between alcohol type preference and incident hip fracture in the WHI OS+CT cohort

From: Preference for wine is associated with lower hip fracture incidence in post-menopausal women

Covariate Unadjusted model Adjusted model
  Odds ratio (95% CI) P-value Odds ratio (95% CI) P-value
Alcohol type preference   p=0.0067   p=0.0167
  Prefer beer vs. Non-drinker 0.87 (0.65, 1.18)   1.07 (0.79, 1.46)  
  Prefer liquor vs. Non-drinker 1.04 (0.83, 1.31)   0.90 (0.71, 1.14)  
  No strong preference vs. Non-drinker 0.76 (0.61, 0.96)   0.87 (0.68, 1.11)  
  Infrequent drinker vs. Non-drinker 0.94 (0.76, 1.16)   1.06 (0.85, 1.32)  
  Prefer wine vs. Non-drinker 0.76 (0.63, 0.91)   0.78 (0.64, 0.95)  
  Past drinker vs. Non-drinker 0.89 (0.73, 1.09)   0.92 (0.75, 1.13)  
Ethnicity     p<.0001
  American Indian or Alaska Native vs. White    0.81 (0.30, 2.18)  
  Asian or Pacific Islander vs. White    0.32 (0.19, 0.53)  
  Black or African-American vs. White    0.32 (0.22, 0.46)  
  Hispanic or Latino vs. White    0.31 (0.17, 0.55)  
  Other vs. White    0.51 (0.25, 1.02)  
Age group at screening     p<.0001
  60-69 vs. 50-59    2.78 (2.25, 3.45)  
  70-79 vs. 50-59    9.37 (7.59, 11.56)  
Education     p=0.8491
  HS vs. College    1.04 (0.91, 1.19)  
  Some college vs. College    1.03 (0.90, 1.19)  
Osteoporosis at screening     p<.0001
  No vs. Yes    0.58 (0.49, 0.68)  
Falls in the past year     p<.0001
  1 vs. None    1.15 (1.00, 1.32)  
  2 vs. None    1.45 (1.20, 1.75)  
  3+ vs. None    2.13 (1.69, 2.68)  
Previous hip fracture at age 55+     p=0.0005
  No vs. Yes    0.45 (0.28, 0.70)  
Parent had hip fracture at age 40+     p<.0001
  No vs. Yes    0.68 (0.59, 0.78)  
Bisphosphonate drug at screening     p=0.1166
  No vs. Yes    1.30 (0.94, 1.81)  
Smoking status     p=0.0053
  Current vs. Never    1.42 (1.15, 1.77)  
  Past vs. Never    1.02 (0.91, 1.16)  
Hormone therapy status     p<.0001
  Current vs. Never    0.65 (0.57, 0.74)  
  Past vs. Never    0.75 (0.64, 0.87)  
Physical activity     p<.0001
  METs per week    0.99 (0.98, 0.99)  
BMI Category     p<.0001
  Underweight vs. Normal    1.98 (1.37, 2.85)  
  Overweight vs. Normal    0.67 (0.58, 0.76)  
  Obese I vs. Normal    0.49 (0.41, 0.58)  
  Obese II vs. Normal    0.52 (0.40, 0.68)  
  Obese III vs. Normal    0.39 (0.25, 0.59)  
  1. Table 2 is adjusted for alcohol type preference, ethnicity, age group, education, osteoporosis, falls in the past year, bisphosphonate drug use, smoking status, HT status, physical activity measured in MET hours, BMI category, HT trial arm, CaD trial arm, OS versus CT cohort, previous hip fracture at age 55+, and parental history of hip fracture at age 40+.