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Table 3 Prevalence of lifetime and past year physical violence by intimate partner against women

From: Intimate partner violence against women in the Erbil city of the Kurdistan region, Iraq

Type of violence Prevalence (n = 800) Frequency of violence
Once 2 – 5 times >5 times
  No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%)
Life time (overall) 311 (38.9)       
Moderate physical violence (overall) 168 (21.0)       
Slapping on face* 284 (35.5) 70 (24.6) 109 (38.4) 105 (37.0)
Pushing/shaking/throwing something* 137 (17.1) 17 (12.4) 38 (27.7) 82 (59.9)
Twisting arm/pulling hair* 114 14.3) 8 (7.0) 35 (30.7) 71 (62.3)
Severe physical violence (overall) 143 (17.9)       
Hitting with fist/something† 135 (16.9) 16 (11.9) 45 (33.3) 74 (54.8)
Kicking/dragging† 103 (12.9) 9 (8.7) 31 (30.1) 63 (61.2)
Threatening/attacking with knife or gun† 27 (3.4) 2 (7.4) 5 (18.5) 20 (74.1)
Choking/burning† 24 (3.0) 8 (33.3) 1 (4.2) 15 (62.5)
Pat year (overall) 114 (15.1)       
Moderate physical violence (overall) 50 (6.2)       
Slapping on face* 105 (13.9) 21 (39.9) 49 (20.0) 35 (33.3)
Pushing/shaking/throwing something* 63 (8.4) 6 (9.5) 25 (39.7) 32 (50.8)
Twisting arm/pulling hair* 62 (8.2) 9 (14.5) 22 (35.5) 31 (50.0)
Severe physical violence (overall) 71 (8.9)       
Hitting with fist/something† 65 (8.6) 13 (20.0) 25 (38.5) 27 (41.5)
Kicking/dragging† 52 (6.9) 9 (17.3) 19 (36.5) 24 (46.2)
Threatening/attacking with knife or gun† 16 (2.1) 2 (12.5) 1 (6.3) 13 (81.3)
Choking/burning† 11 (1.5) 1 (9.1) 0 (0.0) 10 (90.9)
  1. *Moderate physical act.
  2. †Severe physical act.