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Table 1 Characteristics of responders and dropouts (in italics) at the first visit at the clinic (baseline) and at follow-up after the abortion

From: Posttraumatic stress among women after induced abortion: a Swedish multi-centre cohort study

Variable Baseline responders Responders at 3 month
  All Responders 3 month follow-up Dropouts 3 month follow-up 1   Responders 6 month follow-up2 Dropouts 6 month follow-up 2  
n = 1457 n = 742 n = 639   n = 6413 n = 107
  n (%) n (%) n (%) P-value n (%) n (%) P-value
Age     0.001    0.8
 15–19 135 (9.3) 57 (7.7) 70 (11.0)   49 (7.7) 9 (8.4)  
 20–24 443 (30.4) 208 (28.1) 217 (34.0)   176 (27.5) 34 (31.8)  
 25–34 564 (38.7) 293 (39.5) 237 (37.1)   254 (39.7) 41 (38.3)  
 35– 314 (21.6) 183 (24.7) 115 (18.0)   161 (25.2) 23 (21.5)  
Mean ± SD 28.0 ± 7.2 28.7 ± 7.4 27.1 ± 6.9 <0.001 28.8 ± 7.5 27.9 ± 7.1 0.3
Living alone 379 (27.0) 182 (25.2) 174 (28.6) 0.2 152 (24.4) 31 (29.8) 0.3
Education <12 years 1009 (69.8) 465 (63.2) 493 (77.9) <0.001 392 (61.6) 78 (73.6) 0.018
Occupation     0.06    0.1
 Working full-time 572 (40.6) 297 (41.2) 240 (39.2)   250 (40.1) 48 (46.2)  
 Working part-time 270 (19.2) 150 (20.8) 104 (17.0)   139 (22.3) 12 (11.5)  
 Student 355 (25.2) 179 (24.8) 160 (26.1)   152 (24.4) 28 (26.9)  
 Other occupation 211 (15.0) 95 (13.2) 109 (17.8)   82 (13.2) 16 (15.4)  
Anxiety symptoms 622 (43.5) 283 (38.6) 302 (48.6) <0.001 190 (30.3) 30 (28.3) 0.7
Depression symptoms 449 (31.4) 210 (28.6) 210 (33.8) 0.043 85 (13.6) 14 (13.2) 1.0
Antidepressant use 98 (7.2) 40 (5.6) 53 (9.2) 0.012 36 (5.8) 5 (4.9) 0.8
Alcohol use 1154 (79.7) 607 (82.1) 486 (76.8) 0.014 519 (81.2) 91 (85.8) 0.3
Tobacco use 573 (39.5) 249 (33.7) 297 (46.8) <0.001 206 (32.3) 45 (42.5) 0.040
Foreign born 120 (8.3) 45 (6.1) 60 (9.5) 0.019 41 (6.4) 4 (3.8) 0.3
Having no children 743 (55.9) 384 (54.5) 314 (56.2) 0.6 333 (54.8) 53 (52.5) 0.7
Previous abortion 505 (39.3) 232 (34.0) 242 (44.9) <0.001 186 (31.7) 47 (47.0) 0.003
Abortion method     0.7    0.2
 Medical 1103 (81.5) 594 (83.0) 467 (81.9)   520 (84.0) 79 (77.5)  
 Surgical 251 (18.5) 122 (17.0) 103 (18.1)   99 (16.0) 23 (22.5)  
Place for abortion     0.8    1.0
Home 716 (53.0) 396 (55.4) 309 (54.5)   344 (55.6) 56 (55.4)  
Clinic 643 (47.0) 319 (44.6) 258 (45.5)   275 (44.4) 45 (44.6)  
Counselling before abortion 515 (40.4) 308 (45.7) 204 (38.3) 0.01 272 (46.5) 38 (40.4) 0.3
Counselling after abortion 36 (2.8) 20 (3.0) 13 (2.5) 0.6 19 (3.3) 1 (1.1) 0.2
  1. Frequencies are given in relation to available information or responses. Missing information was prevalent in 0.07 (age) –13% (Counselling after the abortion) of variables.
  2. 1Analysed with chi-square test based on data from the baseline questionnaire.
  3. 2Analysed with chi-square test based on data from the three-month assessment.
  4. 3Including six responders who were non-responders at 3 month follow-up.