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Table 3 Characteristics of women who developed PTSD or PTSS after abortion compared with the comparison group

From: Posttraumatic stress among women after induced abortion: a Swedish multi-centre cohort study

Variable Comparison group n = 499 Developed PTSD/PTSS n = 51 Recovered n = 145 Unchanged n = 25
  n (%) n (%) P-value n (%) P-value n (%) P-value
Age    0.001   0.7   0.1
 15–19 33 (6.6) 7 (13.7)   13 (9.0)   4 (16.0)  
 20–24 129 (25.9) 24 (47.1)   41 (28.3)   4 (16.0)  
 25–34 204 (40.9) 15 (29.4)   57 (39.3)   14 (56.0)  
 34– 133 (26.7) 5 (9.8)   34 (23.4)   3 (12.0)  
Living alone 119 (24.3) 17 (34.7) 0.2 33 (23.6) 0.9 6 (24.0) 1.0
Education <12 years 297 (59.8) 37 (74.0) 0.049 101 (69.7) 0.031 19 (76.0) 0.1
Occupation    0.01   0.2   0.2
 Working full-time 222 (45.5) 10 (20.8)   51 (35.9)   6 (24.0)  
 Working part-time 96 (19.7) 13 (27.1)   32 (22.5)   5 (20.0)  
 Student 106 (21.7) 17 (35.4)   41 (28.9)   8 (32.0)  
 Other occupation 64 (13.1) 8 (16.7)   18 (12.7)   6 (24.0)  
Alcohol use 416 (83.4) 37 (72.5) 0.1 117 (80.7) 0.5 18 (72.0) 0.2
Tobacco use 152 (30.5) 18 (35.3) 0.5 54 (37.2) 0.2 16 (64.0) <0.001
Foreign born 27 (5.4) 3 (5.9) 0.9 13 (9.0) 0.2 1 (4.0) 0.8
Having no children 257 (53.4) 32 (72.7) 0.014 75 (55.1) 0.7 11 (45.8) 0.5
Previous abortion 147 (31.6) 17 (38.6) 0.4 49 (37.7) 0.2 12 (48.0) 0.1
Abortion method    0.7   0.9   1.0
 Medical 404 (83.3) 38 (80.9)   116 (82.9)   21 (84.0)  
 Surgical 81 (16.7) 9 (19.1)   24 (17.1)   4 (16.0)  
Place for abortion    0.4   0.3   0.6
 Home 279 (57.6) 23 (51.1)   73 (51.8)   13 (52.0)  
 Clinic 205 (42.4) 22 (48.9)   68 (48.2)   12 (48.0)  
Counselling before abortion 187 (41.6) 27 (60.0) 0.017 75 (55.1) 0.005 11 (45.8) 0.7
Counselling after abortion 10 (2.2) 3 (6.7) 0.1 4 (3.0) 0.7 1 (4.2) 0.6
  1. The characteristics of women who recovered from PTSD or PTSS or were unchanged in their state of PTSD or PTSS are displayed as complementary information, in italics.
  2. Frequencies are given in relation to available information or responses. Missing information was prevalent in 0% (age) – 13.7% (previous abortion) of variables.