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Table 1 Original item pool for the premenstrual coping measure

From: Ways of coping with premenstrual change: development and validation of a premenstrual coping measure

Category Item
Looking after the body I make more of an effort to eat healthy food
I eat less sugary foods
I eat more sugary foods
I increase my alcohol consumption
I decrease my alcohol consumption
I increase my sexual activity
I decrease my sexual activity
I exercise more
I exercise less
I take vitamins or minerals
I use alternative forms of treatment e.g. naturopathy, acupuncture,
I take prescribed medication
I take over the counter medicine for pain relief e.g. paracetamol
Planning I refer to a calendar or diary to know when I will be premenstrual
I use a mobile app or online tool to track when I will be premenstrual
Self-care I allow myself extra time to rest
I do things to make myself more comfortable
I take time to focus on my own needs
I focus less on the needs of others
I make time to do things that I enjoy
I spend time doing things that help me relax e.g. have a bath, massage, read a book
I take time out from my usual responsibilities
I give myself permission to let go of the usual demands I place on myself
Social support and communication I tell others about how I am feeling
I ask for help from others
I feel confident to tell people how I feel
I feel confident to tell people what I need
Avoiding harm to self I avoid thinking about things that I know annoy me
I avoid having conversations that are liable to upset me
I avoid raising topics that have the potential to create conflict
I raise issues that I usually keep to myself
I try to avoid dealing with difficult family issues
I avoid people that have the potential to provoke me
I avoid situations that have the potential to provoke me
I avoid situations where I know I will feel vulnerable
I remove myself from a situation if it starts to provoke me
Acceptance I believe that my premenstrual changes are a normal part of a woman’s experience
I know that other women go through this
I see positive aspects to my premenstrual change
I think it is okay to be feeling differently when I am premenstrual
I think it is okay to be more emotional or sensitive when I am premenstrual
I think it is okay that my physical needs may be different when I am premenstrual
I think that what I feel like doing shouldn’t change when I am premenstrual
I accept my changeable moods
Awareness I am aware of my bodily changes
I am aware of my emotional changes
I am aware that my premenstrual changes are only temporary.
I am aware of things that ‘trigger’ me when I am premenstrual
I know what I need to do to support myself
I know when I am beginning to feel ‘premenstrual’
Emotional regulation I try to keep my emotions under control
I openly express increased feelings of anger, frustration or irritability
I vent my feelings through emotional outbursts
I try not to express how I am feeling
I don’t express my feelings in the heat of the moment but talk about my feelings later when I feel calmer
I am able to express my anger or irritation without blaming others
I use positive self-talk
I challenge my negative thoughts
Desire to be alone I take time to be on my own
I enjoy doing things on my own
I withdraw from others
I communicate with others about my need to be on my own
I decrease my social activities
I increase my social activities