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Table 3 Varimax rotated component loadings, communalities (h 2 ), percentages of variance explained and Cronbach alphas for the PMCM

From: Ways of coping with premenstrual change: development and validation of a premenstrual coping measure

Components and items Loadings h 2 Variance explained α
Avoiding harm    11.05 .89
1. I avoid situations that have the potential to provoke me .816 .764   
2. I avoid people that have the potential to provoke me .809 .747   
3. I avoid raising topics that have the potential to create conflict .788 .718   
4. I remove myself from a situation if it starts to provoke me .765 .699   
5. I avoid situations where I know I will feel vulnerable .762 .692   
6. I avoid having conversations that are liable to upset me .733 .661   
7. I try to avoid dealing with difficult family issues .669 .584   
8. I challenge my negative thoughts .500 .507   
Awareness and acceptance of premenstrual change    8.54 .86
9. I accept my changeable moods .676 .577   
10. I am aware that my premenstrual changes are only temporary .670 .496   
11. I think it is okay to be feeling differently when I am premenstrual .664 .585   
12. I am aware of my bodily changes .660 .545   
13. I think it is okay to be more emotional or sensitive when I am premenstrual .658 .632   
14. I am aware of my emotional changes .655 .634   
15. I think that my premenstrual changes are a normal part of a woman’s experience .637 .457   
16. I know that other women go through this .574 .466   
17. I think it is okay that my physical needs may be different .454 .445   
18. I know what I need to do to support myself .437 .431   
Adjusting energy    7.80 .73
19. I vent my feelings through emotional outbursts .660 .546   
20. I decrease my social activities .628 .568   
21. I focus less on the needs of others .608 .480   
22. I exercise less .605 .482   
23. I eat more sugary foods .540 .366   
Self-care    6.61 .81
24. I spend time doing things that help me relax e.g. have a bath, massage, read a book .698 .618   
25. I take time to focus on my own needs .681 .622   
26. I allow myself extra time to rest .678 .641   
27. I do things to make myself more comfortable .647 .576   
Communicating    4.98 .68
28. I feel confident to tell people how I feel .665 .579   
29. I feel confident to tell people what I need .663 .569   
30. I tell others about how I am feeling .500 .410   
31. I try not to express how I am feeling -.470 .394   
32. I ask for help from others .378 .397