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Table 2 War-related traumatic experiences (ACEES)

From: Mental health of victims of sexual violence in eastern Congo: associations with daily stressors, stigma, and labeling

  Total (n = 1,304) NSV (n = 806) Rape (n = 183) NCS (n = 315) OR RAPE/NSV OR NCS/NSV OR Rape/NCS χ 2 /F
Have been separated from family 284 (22.1%) 137 (17.2%) 50 (27.8%) 97 (31.2%) 1.85** 2.18** 0.85 29.38**
Have witnessed violent acts against family members or friends 172 (13.4%) 84 (10.5%) 37 (20.3%) 51 (16.9%) 2.17** 1.72** 1.26 16.29**
Had family members or friends violently killed during the war 515 (40.6%) 292 (37.3%) 96 (53.3%) 127 (41.5%) 1.92** 1.19 1.61 15.76**
Experienced pillage or setting your house on fire 592 (47.1%) 335 (43.1%) 116 (65.9%) 141 (46.4%) 2.56** 1.14 2.23** 30.15**
Experienced gunfire attacks 525 (42.3%) 276 (35.7%) 106 (59.6%) 143 (49.1%) 2.65** 1.74** 1.52 41.06**
Have seen somebody being killed 479 (38.1%) 245 (31.0%) 79 (51.3%) 155 (49.7%) 2.34** 2.20** 1.07 45.92**
Have seen dead or mutilated bodies 491 (38.4%) 250 (31.5%) 108 (59.7%) 133 (43.5%) 3.21** 1.67** 1.92* 53.79**
Have been injured during the war 113 (8.9%) 36 (4.5%) 41 (26.3%) 36 (11.5%) 7.56** 2.75** 2.74** 79.69**
Have been in prison 74 (5.7%) 6 (7.0%) 48 (26.7%) 20 (6.4%) 48.18** 9.11** 5.29** 183.22**
Have been enrolled in an armed group 48 (3.8%) 3 (.4%) 25 (16.0%) 20 (6.4%) 50.76** 18.22** 2.79* 95.73**
Have been kidnapped by an armed group 85 (6.5%) 16 (2.0%) 51 (28.0%) 18 (5.7%) 19.17** 2.99** 6.40** 165.01**
Have been forced to kill, injure or rape someone themselves 75 (5.9%) 25 (3.3%) 35 (22.2%) 14 (4.6%) 8.45** 1.42 5.96* 85.67**
Have seen someone being raped 180 (14.1%) 67 (8.4%) 56 (31.6%) 57 (18.9%) 5.08** 2.56** 1.98** 72.79**
Total traumatic exposure (mean, SD) 2.83 (2.43) 2.19 (1.90) 4.71 (3.05) 3.16 (2.45) 2.43** 1.01** 1.42** 86.62**
  1. N(%); *p < .01, **p < .001; OR: odds ratio, NSV: no sexual violence, NCS: Non-consensual sexual experience.