Skip to main content

Table 3 Daily stressors (ACEDSS)

From: Mental health of victims of sexual violence in eastern Congo: associations with daily stressors, stigma, and labeling

  Total (n = 1,304) NSV (n = 806) Rape (n = 183) NCS (n = 315) OR Rape/NSV OR NCS/NSV OR Rape/NCS χ 2 /F
Feelings of insecurity 522 (40.0%) 261 (33.3%) 100 (55.2%) 150 (48.1%) 2.47** 1.86** 1.33 40.72**
Impossibility to pay school fees 609 (46.4%) 313 (39.7%) 113 (61.7%) 171 (54.8%) 2.45** 1.84** 1.33 40.55**
Insufficient food 488 (37.7%) 230 (29.4%) 105 (59.0%) 142 (45.8%) 3.45** 2.03** 1.70* 65.98**
Insufficient clothing 529 (40.9%) 276 (35.5%) 95 (52.8%) 145 (46.8%) 2.03** 1.60** 1.27 24.25**
Sickness in family 778 (60.1%) 438 (56.1%) 127 (70.6%) 193 (62.7%) 1.88** 1.31 1.43 14.19*
Insufficient medical care 429 (33.1%) 201 (25.6%) 107 (60.5%) 112 (33.1%) 4.41** 1.66** 2.66** 81.73**
Skipping school because of working 364 (28.0%) 151 (19.2%) 94 (52.8%) 110 (35.7%) 4.72** 2.34** 2.01** 94.23**
Worried about family 773 (59.5%) 454 (57.7%) 95 (53.1%) 205 (66.6%) 0.83 1.46 0.57* 10.43*
High task load 508 (39.6%) 250 (32.0%) 116 (64.8%) 131 (43.8%) 3.91** 1.66** 2.36** 68.64**
Physical punishment 450 (34.9%) 226 (28.9%) 108 (60.7%) 112 (36.4%) 3.79** 1.40 2.70** 64.25**
Pursued by bad fate/bad spirits 329 (25.4%) 121 (15.4%) 112 (61.5%) 91 (29.6%) 8.79** 2.32** 3.80** 169.83**
Being sick 708 (54.7%) 399 (51.0%) 123 (68.0%) 176 (57.6%) 2.03** 1.29 1.57 18.52**
Living with too many people in a home 685 (52.8%) 366 (46.7%) 129 (71.3%) 178 (57.6%) 2.83** 1.55** 1.83* 39.14**
Don’t know father 252 (19.2%) 77 (9.6%) 107 (58.8%) 65 (20.9%) 13.41** 2.48** 5.40** 231.53**
Total daily stressors (mean, SD) 5.34 (3.31) 4.57 (2.98) 7.78 (2.98) 6.08 (3.11) 3.21** 1.51** 1.70** 201.12**
  1. N(%); *p < .01, **p < .001; OR: odds ratio, NSV: no sexual violence, NCS: Non-consensual sexual experience.