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Table 3 Physical and mental health

From: Intimate partner violence and physical and mental health among women utilizing community health services in Gujarat, India

  Total (N = 167) Ever-married with IPV (n = 83) Ever-married without IPV (n = 84) p-value+
DUKE-healtha     
 Physical health 72.4 (29.2) 67.7 (31.3) 77.0 (26.4) <0.05
 Mental health 63.9 (18.2) 59.3 (16.7) 68.3 (18.6) <0.01
 Social health 49.7 (20.8) 45.6 (20.6) 53.8 (20.3) <0.05
 Perceived health 79.9 (34.0) 79.0 (34.3) 80.7 (33.9) N.S.
 Self-esteem 63.5 (16.6) 59.3 (14.0) 67.2 (17.9) <0.01
DUKE-dysfunctionb     
 Anxiety 36.0 (18.7) 41.4 (17.2) 30.9 (18.7) <0.01
 Depression 38.6 (20.8) 43.9 (17.2) 33.7 (22.7) <0.01
 Pain 29.8 (36.1) 33.7 (37.5) 25.9 (34.4) N.S.
 Disability 3.9 (16.6) 5.5 (19.3) 2.4 (13.3) N.S.
PHQ-9 (depression)c 4.1 (6.2) 5.7 (7.6) 2.5 (3.7) <0.01
PHQ-15 (somatic symptoms)d 5.1 (7.3) 6.5 (8.8) 3.8 (5.2) <0.05
  1. Mean (SD).
  2. aHigher score indicates better health status.
  3. bHigher score indicates worse health status.
  4. cHigher score indicates a higher level of depression.
  5. dHigher score indicates more somatic symptoms.
  6. +Independent samples t-tests comparing between ever-married participants with IPV and those without IPV.