Skip to main content

Table 2 Adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the association between female genital mutilation, other variables and intimate partner violence and its subtypes

From: Female genital mutilation and intimate partner violence in the Ivory Coast

  Any type of IPV AOR (95% CI) Physical IPV AOR (95% CI) Sexual IPV AOR (95% CI) Emotional IPV AOR (95% CI) One type of IPV AOR (95% CI) Two or three types of IPV AOR (95% CI)
FGM 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
1.26 (0.98-1.63) 1.15 (0.87-1.51 1.96 (1.29-2.98)** 1.18 (0.88-1.59) 1.30 (0.99-1.69) 1.13 (0.80-1.58)
Age (years)       
 15-24 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 25-34 1.02 (0.80-1.31) 0.96 (0.75-1.24) 0.75 (0.47-1.19) 1.08 (0.77-1.51) 1.12 (0.84-1.49) 0.91 (0.65-1.29)
 35-49 1.06 (0.82-1.36) 0.95 (0.74-1.22) 0.92 (0.59-1.44) 1.14 (0.79-1.65) 1.04 (0.76-1.43) 1.05 (0.73-1.51)
Education       
 None 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Primary 1.42 (1.11-1.82)** 1.40 (1.07-1.84)* 1.91 (1.18-3.10)** 1.43 (1.06-1.92)* 1.01 (0.75-1.35) 1.75 (1.26-2.43)*
 Secondary or higher 0.93 (0.64-1.35) 0.91 (0.59-1.41) 1.25 (0.57-2.75) 1.01 (0.64-1.61) 0.92 (0.58-1.47) 0.98 (0.57-1.66)
Religion       
 Catholic 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Muslim 0.75 (0.57-0.99)* 0.86 (0.64-1.16) 0.51 (0.28-0.95)* 0.63 (0.45-0.89)** 0.95 (0.68-1.33) 0.65 (0.45-0.94)*
 Protestant/other Christian 0.99 (0.76-1.31) 0.96 (0.72-1.28) 1.22 (0.76-1.97) 1.00 (0.68-1.46) 1.03 (0.74-1.43) 0.97 (0.67-1.41)
 Animist/no/other 0.96 (0.69-1.32) 0.97 (0.68-1.40) 0.84 (0.42-1.68) 1.12 (0.74-1.70) 0.97 (0.65-1.43) 0.99 (0.65-1.52)
Marriage type       
 Monogamous 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Polygynous 1.19 (0.92-1.53) 1.11 (0.87-1.42) 1.39 (0.80-2.43) 1.16 (0.88-1.52) 1.21 (0.88-1.66) 1.08 (0.79-1.48)
Wealth       
 Poorest 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Second 0.87 (0.66-1.15) 1.04 (0.74-1.45) 0.66 (0.33-1.34) 0.95 (0.68-1.33) 0.76 (0.53-1.08) 1.07 (0.74-1.56)
 Middle 1.01 (0.68-1.51) 1.04 (0.69-1.57) 0.57 (0.24-1.35) 1.03 (0.73-1.45) 1.03 (0.63-1.69) 0.95 (0.62-1.46)
 Fourth 1.05 (0.69-1.61) 1.05 (0.66-1.68) 0.64 (0.21-1.94) 0.99 (0.64-1.54) 1.20 (0.73-1.96) 0.85 (0.48-1.48)
 Richest 0.92 (0.55-1.55) 1.07 (0.61-1.86) 0.60 (0.19-1.89) 0.82 (0.46-1.45) 0.87 (0.47-1.64) 0.95 (0.48-1.87)
Residence       
 Rural 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Urban 1.43 (1.00-2.05)* 1.43 (1.00-2.05)* 1.69 (0.73-3.93) 1.77 (1.13-2.77)* 1.00 (0.69-1.45) 1.94 (1.22-3.09)**
Working status       
 Not working 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Currently working 1.12 (0.88-1.43) 1.13 (0.88-1.44) 1.00 (0.64-1.56) 1.18 (0.89-1.56) 1.00 (0.74-1.35) 1.23 (0.88-1.71)
Father beat mother 1.80 (1.37-2.37)*** 1.88 (1.43-2.49)*** 1.58 (0.94-2.67) 1.40 (0.98-1.99) 1.57 (1.13-2.16)* 1.61 (1.15-2.27)**
Had STI in the past 12 months 1.45 (1.02-2.05)* 1.67 (1.14-2.45)** 1.84 (1.02-3.29)* 1.22 (0.79-1.89) 1.25 (0.75-2.09) 1.45 (0.91-2.30)
  1. ***P < 0.001; **P < 0.01; *P < 0.05.