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Table 2 Proportion of women experiencing GI and emotional symptoms, comparing prevalence rates in premenstrual and menses phases

From: Gastrointestinal symptoms before and during menses in healthy women

Symptoms Premenstrual During menses p-value
Primary GI symptoms % %  
  Abdominal pain 58 55 0.73
  Diarrhea 24 28 0.44
  Nausea 17 14 0.53
  Constipation 15 10 0.08
  Vomiting 2 3 0.72
  Any primary symptoms 73 69 0.60
  Multiple (≥2) primary symptoms 31 31 1.0
Secondary GI symptoms    
  Bloating 62 51 0.07
  Pelvic pain 49 46 0.73
  Any primary or secondary GI symptoms 83 83 1.0
Mood symptoms    
  Depressed mood 32 21 0.028
  Anxiety 15 10 0.30
  Other 23 15 0.08
  Any emotional symptoms 47 31 0.004
Fatigue 53 49 0.50
  1. Bolded p value denotes p < 0.05.