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Table 2 Factors associated with attending postnatal care among Nepalese women, Demographic and Health Survey 2011

From: Factors associated with the utilisation of postnatal care services among the mothers of Nepal: analysis of Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2011

Factor Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Community factors     
Place of residence P < 0.001 P < 0.001 P < 0.001 P = 0.593
Rural 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Urban 3.835 (2.971-4.950) 3.953 (2.992-5.222) 1.574 (1.196-2.072) 0.897 (0.603-1.336)
Ecological region P < 0.001 P < 0.001 P < 0.017 P = 0.477
Mountain 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Hill 1.648 (1.095-2.482) 1.422 (0.935-2.161) 1.007 (0.694-1.459) 0.898 (0.628-1.268)
Terai 2.713 (1.854-3.971) 2.498 (1.700-3.669) 1.469 (0.997-2.165) 1.374 (0.945-1.997)
Sociodemographicfactors     
Wealth status P < 0.001   P < 0.001 P = 0.018
Poor (Lower 40%) 1.00   1.00 1.00
Middle (Middle 40%) 2.489 (1.958-3.166)   1.638 (1.260-2.129) 1.452 (1.094-1.928)
Rich (Upper 20%) 7.055 (5.469-9.056)   3.182 (2.171-4.665) 1.794 (1.103-2.917)
Ethnicity P < 0.001   P = 0.735 Not in model
Advantaged 1.00   1.00  
Disadvantaged (Janjati) 0.566 (0.441-0.726)   0.921 (0.690-1.228)  
Disadvantaged (Dalit) 0.509 (0.407-0.636)   1.037 (0.808-1.332)  
Religion P = 0.008   P = 0.170 Not in model
Hindu 1.525 (1.115-2.086)   1.263 (0.899-1.774)  
Others 1.00   1.00  
Maternal education P < 0.001   P < 0.001 P = 0.049
No education 1.00   1.00 1.00
Primary 1.826 (1.453-2.296)   1.469 (1.180-1.828) 1.092 (0.809-1.476)
Secondary 4.320 (3.402-5.482)   2.279 (1.754-2.961) 1.153 (0.823-0.823)
Higher 16.247 (10.309-25.605)   4.623 (2.880-7.421) 2.257 (1.193-4.267)
Maternal occupation P < 0.001   P = 0.002 P = 0.462
Not working 1.00   1.00 1.00
Agriculture 0.305 (0.237-0.394)   0.623 (0.481-0.807) 0.864 (0.602-1.241)
Working (paid) 1.077 (0.791-1.466)   0.782 (0.578-1.052) 0.749 (0.471-1.193)
Paternal education P < 0.001   p = 0.042 P = 0.862
No education 1.00   1.00 1.00
Primary 1.497 (1.105-2.028)   1.266 (0.967-1.657) 1.064 (0.754-1.504)
Secondary 3.194 (2.394-4.262)   1.489 (1.129-1.965) 1.146 (0.804-1.635)
Higher 9.244 (6.155-13.887)   1.736 (1.099-2.742) 1.257 (0.665-2.378)
Paternal occupation P < 0.001   P < 0.001 P = 0.768
Agriculture 1.00   1.00 1.00
Professional/Technical 3.990 (3.147-5.059)   1.718 (1.354-2.179) 1.099 (0.851-1.421)
Manual and others 1.704 (1.350-2.151)   1.398 (1.102-1.772) 1.095 (0.578-2.074)
Proximate factors     
Mother’s age (in years) P < 0.001    P = 0.294
15-19 1.00    1.00
20-29 0.800 (0.603-1.061)    1.321 (0.858-2.035)
30-34 0.624 (0.452-0.860)    1.420 (0.835-2.416)
> = 35 0.348 (0.246-0.494)    1.580 (0.989-2.524)
Number of ANC visits P < 0.001    P < 0.001
No ANC visit 1.00    1.00
1-3 2.983 (1.983-4.487)    1.597 (1.083-2.355)
4 or more 13.323 (8.570-20.711)    3.624 (2.343-5.604)
Place of delivery P < 0.001    P = <0.001
Home 1.00    1.00
Health facility 49.739 (36.179-68.348)    31.084 (22.416-43.106)
Maternal final say on her own health care P = 0.001    P = 0.587
Women alone 1.00    1.00
Women with partner/other 1.131 (0.910-1.405)    1.143 (0.855-1.530)
Partner alone/someone else 0.765 (0.605-0.966)    1.084 (0.801-1.468)
  1. Model 3: Cox and Snell Psedu R squares: 0.479. Valid cases N = 4079.
  2. Model 1: Place of residence and ecological region. Model 2: place of residence, region, ethnicity, religion, maternal education, maternal occupation, paternal education and paternal occupation. Model 3: place of residence, region, ethnicity, religion, maternal education, maternal occupation, paternal education and paternal occupation, maternal age, number of antenatal visits, place of delivery, maternal autonomy for her own health. P = p- value. 1.00 = reference group. OR = Odd ratio. 95% CI = 95% Confidence interval. ANC: Antenatal care. All values are weighted for the sampling weight, cluster weight and multi stage sampling.