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Table 3 Psychosocial factors (social network/support, control and stress) in relation to non-attendance at mammography screening, Malmö, Sweden (1992–2009)

From: Psychosocial factors and attendance at a population-based mammography screening program in a cohort of Swedish women

  Odds ratios for non-attendance (95% CI)
Psychosocial factors Unadjusted Age adjusted Multivariate model 1§ Multivariate model 2
Living alone or with others     
  Alone 1.61 (1.46–1.76)*** 1.59 (1.45–1.75)*** 1.54 (1.40–1.69)*** 1.47 (1.33–1.63)***
  With partner only Ref Ref Ref Ref
  With partner and children 1.23 (1.11–1.36)*** 1.07 (0.96–1.20) 1.00 (0.89–1.13) 0.94 (0.84–1.06)
  With children only 2.26 (1.93–2.64)*** 1.96 (1.66–2.31)*** 1.75 (1.48–2.06)*** 1.52 (1.29–1.81)***
  With parents or other 1.63 (1.09–2.42)* 1.56 (1.05–2.31)* 1.47 (1.00–2.15) 1.44 (0.99–2.10)
Number of children     
  None 1.08 (0.95–1.22) 1.08 (0.96–1.23) 1.05 (0.93–1.19) 0.95 (0.83–1.08)
  One 1.22 (1.10–1.36)*** 1.24 (1.11–1.37)*** 1.19 (1.08–1.32)*** 1.12 (1.01–1.24)*
  Two Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Three or more 1.39 (1.26–1.53)*** 1.42 (1.29–1.57)*** 1.37 (1.24–1.51)*** 1.34 (1.21–1.48)***
Having siblings     
  Yes Ref Ref Ref Ref
  No 1.08 (0.96–1.22) 1.08 (0.96–1.22) 1.07 (0.95–1.21) 1.05 (0.93–1.18)
Feeling lonely     
  Often/sometimes 1.36 (1.26–1.47)*** 1.36 (1.26–1.47)*** 1.30 (1.20–1.40)*** 1.02 (0.93–1.12)
  Seldom/never Ref Ref Ref Ref
Social participation (13 items)     
  Low 1.27 (1.16–1.38)*** 1.34 (1.23–1.46)*** 1.28 (1.17–1.41)*** 1.21 (1.10–1.33)***
  High Ref Ref Ref Ref
Social anchorage (5 items)     
  Low 1.30 (1.15–1.47)*** 1.28 (1.13–1.45)*** 1.19 (1.06–1.34)** 1.01 (0.89–1.14)
  High Ref Ref Ref Ref
Instrumental support (1 item)     
  Low (low/medium) 1.17 (1.07–1.28)*** 1.18 (1.08–1.29)*** 1.17 (1.07–1.28)*** 1.02 (0.92–1.12)
  High Ref Ref Ref Ref
Emotional support (3 items)     
  Low 1.28 (1.17–1.40)*** 1.30 (1.18–1.42)*** 1.26 (1.15–1.39)*** 1.09 (0.98–1.21)
  High Ref Ref Ref Ref
Control/Mastery (4 items)     
  Low 1.44 (1.33–1.56)*** 1.42 (1.31–1.54)*** 1.33 (1.22–1.44)*** 1.12 (1.02–1.23)*
  High Ref Ref Ref Ref
Stress (non-work related)     
  Yes 1.53 (1.41–1.66)*** 1.49 (1.38–1.61)*** 1.40 (1.29–1.52)*** 1.24 (1.13–1.36)***
  No Ref Ref Ref Ref
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
  2. §Adjusted for age, education, employment status, country of birth, number of invitations received, and having been invited to screening before baseline.
  3. Adjusted for all other psychosocial factors along with age, education, employment status, country of birth, number of invitations received, and having been invited to screening before baseline.