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Table 1 Baseline descriptive characteristics of each dietary group of premenopausal women

From: Vegan diet and blood lipid profiles: a cross-sectional study of pre and postmenopausal women

Variable Vegans(n = 36) Ovo-lacto vegetarians(n = 76) Omnivores(n = 2,285) P-value
Age (yrs) 41.1 ± 7.2 37.6 ± 8.6 34.0 ± 10.3ac <0.001*
WC (cm) 72.2 ± 11.0 72.7 ± 8.7 72.8 ± 9.5 0.931
HC (cm) 93.6 ± 11.8 95.8 ± 8.6 95.1 ± 8.0 0.421
WHR 0.77 ± 0.05 0.76 ± 0.05 0.76 ± 0.06 0.636
SBP (mmHg) 105.4 ± 15.2 106.7 ± 14.2 105.4 ± 13.5 0.692
DBP (mmHg) 69.3 ± 10.5 69.0 ± 10.2 69.7 ± 10.0 0.831
FPG (mg/dL) 86.6 ± 6.0 87.1 ± 19.0 89.1 ± 21.3 0.582
UA (mg/dL) 4.9 ± 1.3 4.9 ± 1.3 5.4 ± 1.4c 0.003*
Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.7 ± 0.1 0.7 ± 0.1 0.8 ± 0.1 0.216
HDL-C (mg/dL) 52.3 ± 12.4 54.9 ± 13.1 58.5 ± 13.2ac 0.002*
LDL-C (mg/dL) 111.3 ± 26.8 102.2 ± 20.9 107.7 ± 24.1 0.099
APO-A1 (mg/dL) 141.6 ± 21.4 142.4 ± 18.8 148.1 ± 23.5 0.048*
APO-B (mg/dL) 83.4 ± 19.4 75.9 ± 21.6 78.8 ± 21.4 0.230
TG (mg/dL) 126.3 ± 69.2 103.4 ± 42.3 97.6 ± 59.1a 0.012*
TC (mg/dL) 173.4 ± 32.5 165.8 ± 31.1 175.2 ± 33.2 0.051
TC/HDL-C 3.48 ± 1.03 3.11 ± 0.58 3.10 ± 0.78a 0.015*
LDL-C/HDL-C 2.25 ± 0.79 1.94 ± 0.51 1.93 ± 0.62ab 0.009*
TG/HDL-C 2.83 ± 2.46 2.01 ± 1.00 1.86 ± 1.79a 0.005*
Oral contraceptives use     0.557
 Current 1 (2.8%) 2 (2.6%) 26 (1.1%)  
 Former 3 (8.33%) 9 (11.8%) 309 (13.5%)  
 Never 32 (88.9%) 65 (85.5%) 1950 (85.3%)  
  1. APO-A1:Apolipoprotein A1; APO- B: Apolipoprotein B; DBP: Diastolic blood pressure; FPG: Fasting plasma glucose; HC: Hip Circumference; HDL-C:High density lipoprotein-cholesterol; LDL-C:Low density lipoprotein-cholesterol; SBP: Systolic blood pressure; TC: Total cholesterol; TG: Triglycerides; WC: Waist Circumference; WHR: Waist to hip ratio; UA: Uric acid.
  2. Values are presented as mean ± S.D.
  3. *Significant difference for diet type, P < 0.05 (ANOVA test).
  4. aSignificantly different from Vegans and Omnivores.
  5. bSignificantly different from Vegans and Ovo-lacto Vegetarians.
  6. cSignificantly different from Ovo-lacto Vegetarians and Omnivores.