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Table 2 Mean values and standard deviations for personality traits and factor indices for women participating in the psychiatric examination of the 196869 Population Study of Women in Gothenburg as well as differences in means between younger (aged 3846) and older (aged 5054) age groups with a 95% confidence interval (CI) for age group difference

From: Personality in women and associations with mortality: a 40-year follow-up in the Population Study of Women in Gothenburg

Psychological profile Mean SD Difference of the means for age groups 38–46 and 50-54 95% CI for age group difference P for age trend
Cesarec-Marke Personality Schedule
ACH-achievement 6.21 2.90 0.06 −0.4-0.5 0.48
AFF- affiliation 8.87 2.56 −0.25 −0.7-0.2 0.04
AGG-aggression 3.94 2.88 0.32 −0.1-0.8 0.03
DST-defence of status 7.35 3.17 −0.11 −0.6-0.4 0.68
GUI – guilt feelings 7.37 3.05 −0.005 −0.5-0.5 0.44
DOM-dominance 6.50 3.29 0.17 −0.4-0.7 0.56
EXH-exhibition 4.58 3.13 0.40 −0.1-0.9 0.15
AUT-autonomy 6.80 2.29 −0.07 −0.4-0.3 0.39
NUR-nurturance 11.89 2.21 −0.58 −0.9 - -0.2 0.001
ORD-order 11.43 2.68 −0.20 −0.6-0.2 0.15
SUC-succorance 8.05 2.93 0.29 −0.2-0.8 0.17
Neurotic self-assertiveness 126.52 39.97 0.96 −5.5-7.4 0.89
Dominance 12.31 55.34 4.90 −4.0-13.8 0.21
Aggressive non-conformance −6.40 26.30 3.38 −0.9-7.6 0.12
Passive dependency 114.92 30.06 0.11 −4.8-5.0 0.87
Sociability 74.30 19.05 −4.74 −7.8 - -1.7 0.0001
Eysenck Personality Inventory
Extraversion 11.38 3.31 −0.31 −0.8-0.2 0.54
Neuroticism 8.12 4.60 −0.28 −1.0-0.5 0.74
Lie scale 3.69 1.69 −0.34 −0.6 - -0.1 0.0004
  1. Difference <0 implies that the younger group has a lower mean value. P stands for trend tests for linearity over all four age groups (38, 46, 50 and 54 years, respectively).