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Table 2 Distribution of socio-demographic background factors at recruitment to the study (N = 1939)

From: Prevalence of domestic violence during pregnancy and related risk factors: a cross-sectional study in southern Sweden

Characteristics Total History of violencea P
   No Yes
n (%) n (%) n (%) OR, 95% CI
1928 (99.4) 1167 (60.5) 761 (39.5)
Missing* 11 (0.6)    
Age, years     NS
18-25 339 (17.5) 206 (17.8) 133 (17.8)  
26-34 1211 (62.5) 750 (64.9) 461 (61.6)  
≥ 35 354 (18.2) 200 (17.3) 154 (20.6)  
Missing 35 (1.8)    
Country of origin     NS
Sweden 1545 (79.6) 923 (79.2) 622 (81.8)  
Nordic countries 47 (2.5) 27 (2.3) 20 (2.6)  
Other countries 334 (17.2) 216 (18.5) 118 (15.5)  
Missing 13 (0.7)    
Language     NS
Swedish 1461(75.3) 871 (74.9) 590 (77.7)  
Foreign language 461 (23.8) 292 (25.1) 169 (22.3)  
Missing 17 (0.9)    
Educational status     NS
Compulsory school or less 60 (3.1) 29 (2.5) 31 (4.1)  
High school or less 576 (29.7) 338 (29.0) 238 (31.3)  
University 1291 (66.6) 799 (68.5) 492 (64.7)  
Missing 12 (0.6)    
Cohabiting status     < 0.001 1.6 (1.4-1.9)
Single 55 (2.8) 22 (2.0) 33 (4.4)  
Living apart 51 (2.6) 19 (1.7) 32 (4.3)  
Common law spouse/married 1763 (91.0) 1085 (96.4) 678 (91.3)  
Missing 70 (3.6)    
Employment status     < 0.001 2.2 (1.5-3.3)
Employed 1820 (93.9) 1121 (96.1) 699 (91.9)  
Unemployed 107 (5.5) 45 (3.9) 62 (8.1)  
Missing 12 (0.6)    
Financial distress     < 0.001 1.5 (1.2-1.8)
No 1004 (51.8) 653 (56.0) 351 (46.2)  
Yes 922 (47.5) 513 (44.0) 409 (53.8)  
Missing 13 (0.7)    
  1. Statistical significance is accepted at p < 0.05, two-tailed.
  2. Chi-square analysis is used.
  3. aHas reported lifetime experience of emotional, physical or sexual abuse.
  4. *Did not answer the questions about abuse.