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Table 3 Overview of maternal characteristics and high risk health behavior at recruitment (N = 1939)

From: Prevalence of domestic violence during pregnancy and related risk factors: a cross-sectional study in southern Sweden

Characteristics Total History of violencea  
   No Yes P
n (%) n (%) n (%)  
Total n (%) 1928 (99.4) 1167 (60.5) 761 (39.5) OR, 95% CIb
Missing* 11 (0.6)    
Parity     NS
Primiparae 817 (42.1) 480 (44.9) 337 (47.3)  
Multiparae 966 (49.9) 590 (55.1) 376 (52.7)  
Missing 156 (8.0)    
BMI     NS
Underweight 79 (4.1) 51 (4.5) 28 (3.8)  
Normal weight 1289 (66.5) 789 (70.3) 500 (68.3)  
Overweight 232 (12.0) 198 (17.6) 134 (18.3)  
Obese 154 (4.3) 84 (7.5) 70 (9.6)  
Missing 85 (4.4)    
Smoking     <0.001 2.0 (1.5-2.5)
No 1575 (81.2) 991 (87.9) 584 (78.6)  
Yes 296 (31.5) 137 (12.1) 159 (21.4)  
Missing 68 (3.5)    
Snuffing     <0.001 2.7 (1.7-4.3)
No 1786 (92.1) 1096 (97.2) 690 (92.9)  
Yes 84 (4.3) 31 (2.8) 53 (7.1)  
Missing 69 (3.6)    
Use of alcohol     NS
No 878 (45.3) 528 (47.0) 350 (47.5)  
Yes 982 (50.6) 595 (53.0) 387 (52.5)  
Missing 79 (4.1)    
Unintended pregnancy     <0.001 1.8 (1.4-2.3)
No 1569 (80.9) 991 (85.9) 578 (76.9)  
Yes 336 (17.3) 162 (14.1) 174 (23.1)  
Missing 34 (1.8)    
Abortion/miscarriage     <0.001
No 1125 (58.0) 742 (65.3) 383 (51.8)  
Miscarriage 342 (17.7) 209 (18.4) 133 (18.0)  
Abortion 286 (14.8) 133 (11.7) 153 (20.7)  
Miscarriage/abortion 123 (6.3) 53 (4.7) 70 (9.5)  
Missing 63 (3.2)    
  1. Statistical significance is accepted at p < 0.05, two-tailed. Chi-square analysis is used.
  2. aHas reported lifetime experience of emotional, physical or sexual abuse,
  3. bIf the groups were ≥ 4, OR with CI not calculated.
  4. *Did not answer the questions about abuse.