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Table 3 Comparison of psychological measures between left-behind wives and non-left-behind wives ( χ ¯ ±SD )

From: Health-related quality of life and influencing factors among rural left-behind wives in Liuyang, China

 

Left-behind wives (n = 1893)

Non-left-behind wives (n = 969)

|Cohen d|

CES-D

10.90 ± 10.37

7.93 ± 10.15**

0.29

PSS

17.23 ± 4.22

14.89 ± 6.70**

0.42

PSSS

59.84 ± 11.92

62.78 ± 12.03**

0.25

AC

20.62 ± 6.70

23.22 ± 7.96**

0.35

PC

10.61 ± 5.84

9.53 ± 5.93**

0.18

  1. **Significant difference between left-behind wives and non-left-behind wives, P < 0.01.
  2. CES-D: center for epidemiological studies depression scale; PSS: perceived stress scale; PSSS: perceived social support scale; AC: active coping; PC: passive coping.