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Table 1 Baseline by study group

From: Perceived stress and emotional social support among women who are denied or receive abortions in the United States: a prospective cohort study

  Near limit abortion (ref) n = 413 First trimester abortionan = 254 Parenting turnawayan = 146
  % n % n % n
Demographics       
Age (mean, SD)b (n = 813) 24.9 5.9 25.9* 5.7 23.4** 5.5
Gestational age in weeks (mean, SD) (n = 813) 19.7 4.1 7.6*** 2.3 23.1*** 3.4
Race/ethnicity (n = 813)    *    
Ehite 32 132 39 99 24 35
Black 32 131 32 80 34 50
Hispanic/Latina 21 87 21 54 29 42
Other 15 63 8 21 13 19
Household composition (n = 813)    *   *  
No other adult 30 122 36 92 20 29
Male partner 24 99 30 77 20 29
Adult relative 38 255 26 66 49 71
Non-adult relative 9 37 8 20 12 17
Parity (n = 813)      **  
Nulliparous 33 604 35 403 48 303
Baby under 1 12 228 11 126 6 39
1+ previous births, no new baby 25 432 20 213 17 116
2+ previous births, no new baby 30 537 34 373 29 176
Mother's Highest Level of Education (n = 813)    **    
<high school 12 51 20 52 14 21
High school or GED 36 148 36 91 35 51
Associate’s, some college, tech school 19 80 14 35 21 30
College 22 92 24 62 19 28
Missing 10 42 6 14 11 16
School/working status (n = 813)    *   +  
Not in school or employed 32 132 23 58 38 55
In school 14 57 13 34 21 30
Employed 40 167 42 105 30 44
In school and employed 14 57 22 56 12 17
Mental health (n = 813)       
History of depression 19 77 25+ 63 15 22
History of anxiety 15 62 16 41 12 18
Stressors (n = 813)       
History of child abuse/neglect 26 108 28 71 25 37
Experienced violence in past year 23 95 24 60 16+ 23
Was strongly affected by at least one stressful life event 33 138 36 92 30 44
Caretaker to sick relative 7 30 5 12 9 13
Has any type of chronic pain 34 139 39 99 39 57
Poor self-rated physical health 18 76 20 51 17 25
  1. agroup differs from Near Limit Abortion Group by + p < .10, *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001.
  2. bSample includes one participant aged 14 who was recruited early in the study before the minimum enrollment age was changed to 15. Ref = reference group, SD = standard devision.