Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Risk factors for urinary incontinence

From: Descriptive cross sectional study on prevalence, perceptions, predisposing factors and health seeking behaviour of women with stress urinary incontinence

Risk factors (reference) No. with UI (%) No. without UI (%) Unadjusted OR p value*
Past pregnancy [9] None 85 (27.2) 228 (72.8) 3.68 <0.001
One or more 8 (9.2) 79 (90.8)
Parity [9] Nulliparity or uniparity 22 (13.8) 13 (86.2) 2.63 <0.001
Two or more 71(29.6) 169 (70.4)
Normal vaginal delivery [19] No 80 (27.7) 209 (72.3) 2.89 0.001
Yes 13 (11.7) 98 (88.3)
Abdominal surgery [19] No 67 (22.1) 236 (77.9) 1.29 0.341
Yes 26 (26.8) 71 (73.2)
Bronchial asthma [20] No 67 (21.5) 245 (78.5) 1.53 0.113
Yes 26 (29.5) 62 (70.5)
Prolonged cough [22] No 64 (19.2) 269 (80.8) 3.21 <0.001
Yes 29 (43.3) 38 (56.7)
Constipation [19] No 81 (22.0) 288 (88.0) 2.25 0.034
Yes 12 (38.7) 19 (61.3)
Menopause [9] No 75 (23.9) 239 (76.1) 0.844 0.565
Yes 18 (20.9) 68 (79.1)
Faecal incontinence No 88 (22.4) 304 (77.6) 5.76 0.026**
Yes 05 (62.5) 03 (37.5)
Regular coffee consumption [23] Yes 12 (25.7) 33 (74.3) 1.23 0.565
No 81(22.8) 274 (77.2)
Diabetes mellitus [19] No 70 (20.2) 276 (79.8) 2.92 <0.001
Yes 23 (42.6) 31 (57.4)
  1. *p value was calculated with Chi-square test.
  2. **Continuity correction of small values applied.