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Table 1 Distribution of CES-D/DASS-21 depression among students attending a women’s college, 2012

From: Social, behavioral, and sleep characteristics associated with depression symptoms among undergraduate students at a women’s college: a cross-sectional depression survey, 2012

Mental Health Scale Univariate statistic
CES-D score (N = 240)  
  Mean (SD) 12.4 (9.8)
  Median (IQR) 10 (10)
  Range 54
  Percent ≥16 score (Exact 95% CI)a 26.3% (20.8-32.3%)
DASS-21 score (N = 227)  
  Mean (SD) 9.5 (9.6)
  Median (IQR) 6 (12)
  Range 42
  Percent ≥14 score (Exact 95% CI)b 26.0% (20.4-32.3%)
Percent agreement 83.6%
Kappa statisticc 0.57, p-value <0.001
  1. Note. aCES-D score ≥16 is defined as moderate depressed mood by Radloff [30].
  2. bDASS-21 score ≥14 is defined as moderate to extremely severe depression by Lovibond and Lovibond [31].
  3. cAssessed agreement between moderately depressed mood by CES-D and DASS-21.