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Table 4 Depression symptoms and selected study participant characteristics: Multivariable results for adjusted prevalence odds of depression

From: Social, behavioral, and sleep characteristics associated with depression symptoms among undergraduate students at a women’s college: a cross-sectional depression survey, 2012

  Measure of depression
  CES-D DASS-21
Participant Characteristic OR (95% CI) AORa(95% CI) OR (95% CI) AORa(95% CI)
Sleep quality     
  Excellent/Good/Okay 1 1 1 1
  Poor/Extremely poor 3.3 (1.7, 6.3) 2.8 (1.3, 5.8) 3.4 (1.8, 6.6) 2.8 (1.4, 5.8)
Residence     
  On-campus 1 1 1 1
  Off-campus 1.7 (0.9, 3.5) 1.9 (0.8, 4.7) 1.3 (0.6, 2.7) 1.3 (0.5, 3.3)
Self-reported overall health     
  Excellent/Very good/Good 1 1 1 1
  Fair/Poor 6.3 (2.6, 15.1) 3.9 (1.5, 10.7) 4.2 (1.8, 10.1) 2.7 (1.0, 7.2)
  1. Note. aMultivariable adjusted models included all variables reported in the table and age. Adjustment was based on previous literature and from directed acyclic graphs.