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Table 3 Longitudinal relationship between history of miscarriage and S-PBQ score from generalized estimating equations with repeated measures

From: Effect of miscarriage history on maternal-infant bonding during the first year postpartum in the First Baby Study: a longitudinal cohort study

  β(95% CI) p-value
Perinatal loss   
  No history of miscarriage Ref  
  History of 1 or more miscarriages 0.01 (-0.17, 0.20) 0.886
Time   
  1 month Ref  
  6 months 0.48 (0.39, 0.57) <0.001
  12 months 0.37 (0.28, 0.47) <0.001
Age -0.03 (-0.05, -0.01) 0.001
Fertility advice or treatment   
  No Ref  
  Yes 0.15 (-0.05, 0.35) 0.151
Probable postpartum depression   
  No Ref  
  Yes -2.45 (-3.01, -1.89) <0.001