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Table 2 Change in the value over 24 months in the exercise group and the control group

From: Effects of long-term moderate exercise and increase in number of daily steps on serum lipids in women: randomised controlled trial [ISRCTN21921919]

  Start 6 M 15 M 24 M
  mean (SD) mean (SD) mean (SD) mean (SD)
Exercise group (N = 14)         
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 218.2 (52.2) 200.6 (31.8) 197.3 (38.2) 193.3 (24.8)*
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 59.0 (13.5) 62.7 (13.0) 64.9 (17.9) 68.4 (12.9)*,†
Triglyceride (mg/dl) 133.8 (51.4) 100.9 (35.6) 89.0 (40.5) 87.3 (41.8)
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 109.7 (29.7) 104.1 (29.2) 94.1 (34.1) 90.8 (27.3)
TC:HDLC ratio 3.91 (1.46) 3.33 (0.81) 3.35 (1.35) 3.00 (1.03)*,†
Lipid peroxidation (nmol/ml) 3.36 (1.10) 3.21 (0.96) 2.89 (0.79) 2.70 (0.78)
Control group (N = 13)         
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 210.0 (24.2) 194.9 (24.5) 220.5 (32.2) 224.4 (32.3)
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 56.7 (16.6) 56.6 (13.5) 57.3 (13.5) 56.7 (14.6)
Triglyceride (mg/dl) 140.9 (40.0) 121.8 (39.8) 140.7 (36.4) 138.2 (36.2)
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 119.2 (28.4) 108.9 (26.1) 118.6 (31.4) 124.2 (36.1)
TC:HDLC ratio 4.11 (1.31) 3.52 (1.15) 3.95 (0.98) 4.16 (1.13)
Lipid peroxidation (nmol/ml) 4.15 (1.02) 3.24 (0.88) 3.30 (1.07) 3.58 (0.79)
  1. The significant differences were detected using 2 × 4 repeated measures of ANOVA: * P < 0.05, P < 0.05 compared to the control group by t-test with a Bonferroni correction.