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Table 4 Outcomes of studies of PFMT with percentage cure, cure/improvement and positive and statistically significant outcomes

From: Pelvic floor muscle training and adjunctive therapies for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence in women: a systematic review

PFMT studies Treatment time N (subjects) N (% lost to follow-up) % cure % cure/improved N (%) positive & statistically significant outcomes
Bo (1999) 6 months 29 4 (14) 44 (1), 56 (4) 48 (4) 8/9 (89)
Morkved (2002) 6 months 50 4 (17) 46 (1), 30 (4) 57 (2) 93 (4) 6 (100)
Bo (2000) 6 months 24 4 (8) 6–44 (5) NR 1 (100)
Berghmans (1996) 4 weeks 20 0 (0) 15 (2) 85 (2) 1 (100)
Miller (1998b) 1 week 27 0 (0) 23 (3) NR 2 (100)
Hay-Smith (2002)a 20 weeks 64 2 (3) 7 (4) 47 (4) NR
Hay-Smith (2002)b 20 weeks 64 3 (5) 2 (4) 41 (4) NR
Arvonen (2001) 4 months 20 1 (5) 26 (1) 58 (4) 3 (100)
Glavind (1996) NR (2–3 sessions) 20 5 (25) 20 (1) NR NR
Pages (2001) 3 months 27 0 (0) 69 (4) 100 (4) 3 (100)
Bidmead (2002) 14 weeks 40 NR NR NR 3 (100)
Sung (2000) 6 weeks 30 NR NR NR 3 (100)
Aksac (2003) 8 weeks 20 NR 75 (3) 100 (3) 10 (100)
Finkenhagen (1998) 6 months 38 2 (5) 35 (4) 71 (4) NR
  1. Hay-Smith a = motor learning protocol, Hay-Smith b = strength and motor learning protocol NR = not reported; (1) = pad test with standardised bladder volume; (2) = 48 hour pad test; (3) = other types of pad test; (4) = self-rated assessment of incontinence; (5) = self-reported quality of life/sexual function domains