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Table 5 Outcomes of studies of PFMT and BF with percentage cure, cure/improvement and positive and statistically significant outcomes

From: Pelvic floor muscle training and adjunctive therapies for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence in women: a systematic review

PFMT+BF studies Treatment time N (subjects) N (% lost to follow-up) % cure % cure/improved N (%) positive & statistically significant outcomes
Morkved (2002) 6 months 53 5 (9) 58 (1); 65 (2) 40 (3) 97 (3) 6 (100)
Berghmans (1996) 4 weeks 20 0 (0) 25 (2) 95 (2) 1 (100)
Knight (1998) 6 months 21 3 (14) NR 72 (1) 56 (3) 2 (100)
Wong (2001) a 4 weeks 19 0 (0) NR NR 3/5 (60)
Wong (2001)b 4 weeks 19 0 (0) NR NR 4/5 (80)
Johnson (2001) a 6 weeks 16 0 (0) 25 (3) NR 4 (100)
Johnson (2001) b 6 weeks 16 0 (0) 38 (3) NR 2/4 (80)
Cammu & van Nylen (1998) 12 weeks 30 0 (0) 53 (3) NR NR
Pieber (1995) 3 months 25 11 (44) 22 (3) 86(4) NR
Glavind (1996) 4 weeks 20 1 (5) 58 (4) NR NR
Pages (2001) 1 month 24 11 (46) 62 (3) 100 (3) 1 (100)
Aksac (2003) 8 weeks 20 NR 80 (4) 100 (4) 8 (100)
Balmforth (2004) 14 weeks 97 NR NR NR 5 (100)
  1. NR = not reported; (1) = stress pad test with standardized bladder volume; (2) = 48 hour pad test; (3) = self-report; (4) = 1 hour pad test; Wong a = vaginal BF; Wong b = vaginal BF plus rectus abdominis BF; Johnson a = Training with Submaximal Voluntary Contractions; Johnson b = Training with Near Maximal Voluntary Contractions