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Table 6 Outcomes of studies of PFMT and ES with percentage cure, cure/improvement and positive and statistically significant outcomes

From: Pelvic floor muscle training and adjunctive therapies for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence in women: a systematic review

PFMT+ES studies Treatment time N (subjects) N (% lost to follow-up) % cure % cure/improved N (%) positive & statistically significant outcomes
Turkan (2005) 5 weeks 17 0 (0) Total: 38 (1) a: 88; b: 1; c: 0 NR 4 (100)
Chen (1999) 3 months intensive, 21 m home training 72 0 (0) 7 (2) 61 (2) NR
Bidmead (2004) 14 weeks 97 NR NR NR 3 (100)
  1. NR = not reported; (1) = self-rated assessment of incontinence; (2) = other type of pad test; Turkan: % subjects cured in groups a,b,c stratified by baseline severity of incontinence based on 1 hour pad test a: mild incontinence: 0–2 g; b: moderate incontinence: >2–10 g; c: severe: >10 g