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Table 8 Outcomes of studies of PFMT, ES and BF with percentage cure, cure/improvement and positive and statistically significant outcomes

From: Pelvic floor muscle training and adjunctive therapies for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence in women: a systematic review

PFMT+ES+BF studies Treatment time N (subjects) N (% lost to follow-up) % cure % cure/improved N (%) positive & statistically significant outcomes
Dumoulin (2004) a 8 weeks 21 1 (5) 70 (1) 90 (1) 8/9 (89)
Dumoulin (2004) b 8 weeks 23 0 (0) 73 (1) 90 (1) 8/9 (89)
Knight (1998) a 6 months 25 6 (24) NR 53 (1)
47 (2)
2 (100)
Knight (1998) b 6 months 24 4 (17) NR 80 (1)
80 (2)
2 (100)
Dumoulin (1995) 3 weeks 10 2 (20) 62.5 (1) 100 (1) 3 (100)
  1. (1) = Pad test with standardised bladder volumes, (2) = subjective report; Dumoulin a: training protocol with PFMT, ES, BF; Dumoulin b: training protocol with PFMT, ES, BF and specific deep abdominal muscle training; Knight a: training protocol with PFMT, BF, ES ('home' low intensity, 10 Hz); Knight b: training protocol with PFMT, BF, ES ('clinic' high intensity, 35 Hz)