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Table 3 Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence interval (CI) for factors associated with physical violence in the last 12 months among Rwandan pregnant women, 2006

From: Intimate partner violence among pregnant women in Rwanda

Variable Unadjusted OR [95% CI] Adjusted OR [95% CI]
Age (years)   
   18–25 1.00 1.00
   26–34 1.13 [0.75, 1.70] 1.35 [0.84, 2.17]
   35–47 0.70 [0.43, 1.09] 0.80 [0.48, 1.41]
Education   
   No formal education 1.00 1.00
   Elementary education 0.30 [0.17, 0.47] 0.35 [0.20, 0.60]
   High school and beyond 0.18 [0.10, 0.31] 0.22 [0.12, 0.42]
Married status   
   Married 1.00  
   Divorced 0.85 [0.59, 1.23]  
   Single 0.70 [0.42, 1.14]  
HIV status   
   No 1.00 1.00
   Yes 2.60 [1.84, 3.68] 2.38 [1.59, 3.57]
Sexual abuse before 14 years of age   
   No 1.00 1.00
   Yes 2.82 [1.87, 4.26] 2.69 [1.69, 4.29]
Male partner's consumption of alcohol   
   Never 1.00 1.00
   Occasional drinkers 4.93 [3.14, 7.72] 4.10 [2.48, 6.77]
   Heavy drinkers 4.07 [2.60, 6.38] 3.37 [2.05, 5.54]
Male partner with other wife or sexual partners   
   No 1.00 1.00
   Yes 2.18 [1.34, 3.55] 1.53 [1.15, 2.20]