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Table 4 Characteristics associated with standardized scales for female-specific moral stigma, social stigma and internal stigma, with higher scores indicating higher stigma

From: Preliminary development of a scale to measure stigma relating to sexually transmitted infections among women in a high risk neighbourhood

   Female-specific Moral Stigma Social Stigma Internal Stigma
  N Median p-value Median p-value Median p-value
Demographics        
Age > 30
≤ 30
111
10
3.25
2.12
0.085† 4.00
3.50
0.536 5.37
6.75
0.813
High School (HS)
No HS
50
73
3.37
3.25
0.928 3.37
4.00
0.464 5.50
7.50
0.008*
Aboriginial, Inuit, Metis
Other
49
74
4.37
3.25
0.072 † 3.50
4.12
0.340 7.75
5.50
0.001*
Substance Use        
Injection Drug use
No IDU
45
73
3.00
3.62
0.076 † 3.37
4.00
0.584 6.50
7.25
0.960
Non-Injection Drug use
No NIDU
96
22
3.25
4.75
0.216 3.25
4.56
0.061 † 7.19
5.50
0.346
High Alcohol
(> 6 drinks, >1 a week)
Low Alcohol
11
109
3.62
4.00
0.916 4.75
3.50
0.743 7.25
8.87
0.150
Sexual Behaviour        
Any partner
No partner
96
27
3.25
3.25
0.435 3.75
4.00
0.628 6.69
5.62
0.643
Regular partner
No regular partner
72
24
3.25
3.25
0.570 4.25
3.25
0.164 7.37
5.50
0.292
Casual partner
No casual partner
25
71
3.25
3.25
0.418 3.25
4.00
0.773 6.00
6.62
0.880
> 1 partner (non-client)
≤ 1 partner
25
69
3.37
3.25
0.185 4.00
4.00
0.614 7.12
6.25
0.702
CSW – Never
Former
Current
38
33
46
3.37
3.00
3.25
0.816 4.31
3.25
3.50
0.178 5.56
7.37
6.69
0.841
Among active CSW:        
Years working
≥ 10 years
<10 years
29
19
3.00
3.25
0.864 3.25
5.00
0.007* 6.62
6.75
0.891
Clients (past 6 mos)        
≥ 50 clients
< 50 clients
33
13
2.25
3.25
0.592 3.25
4.00
0.427 5.50
7.50
0.611
STI Communication        
With Partner – Yes 91 3.25 0.275 3.50 0.467 6.50 0.485
No 31 4.37   4.00   6.62  
With Friend – Yes 74 3.25 0.926 3.37 0.594 6.00 0.497
No 48 3.37   4.37   7.00  
With HC worker – Yes 110 3.25 0.640 4.00 0.705 6.66 0.966
No 12 2.50   3.25   6.12  
  1. *p < 0.05; † p < 0.10