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Table 1 Socio demographic, clinical and fertility characteristics of HIV-positive women of reproductive age in Tigray region, Ethiopia, 2013 (N = 964 unless specified)

From: Fertility desire among HIV-positive women in Tigray region, Ethiopia: implications for the provision of reproductive health and prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission services

   Had fertility desire  
Characteristics Frequency (%) Yes (%) No (%) P-value
Age category in years     <0.0001**
15-24 120(12.5) 84(70.0) 36(30.0)  
25-34 508(52.7) 268(52.8) 240(47.2)  
35-49 336(34.9) 87(5.9) 249(74.1)  
Median (IQR) 30(27, 36)    
Residence     0.160*
Urban 663(68.8) 312(47.1) 351(52.9)  
Rural 301(31.2) 127(42.2) 174(57.8)  
Ethnicity     0.680*
Tigrie 893(92.6) 405(45.4) 488(54.7)  
Other (Amhara, Oromo and Afar) 71(7.4) 34(47.9) 37(52.1)  
Religion     0.343*
Orthodox 885(91.8) 399(45.1) 486(54.9)  
Other (Muslim, Catholic and Protestant) 79(8.2) 40(50.6) 39(49.4)  
Maternal education     
No formal education 570(59.1) 225(39.5) 345(60.5) 0.0001**
Primary education 257(26.7) 141(54.9) 116(45.1)  
Secondary education and above 137(14.2) 73(53.3) 64(46.7)  
Occupation     <0.0001*
Unemployed 117(12.1) 41(35.0) 76(65.0)  
Housewife 194(20.1) 100(51.6) 94(48.5)  
Daily laborer 209(21.7) 91(43.5) 118(56.6)  
Farmer 195(20.2) 72(36.9) 123(63.1)  
Merchant 134(13.9) 72(53.7) 62(46.3)  
Employed 75(7.8) 34(45.3) 41(54.7)  
Other 40(4.2) 29(72.5) 11(27.5)  
Marital status     <0.0001*
Never Married 66(6.9) 44(66.7) 22(33.3)  
Married/partnered 463(48.0) 251(54.2) 212(45.8)  
Dissolved (widowed/divorced) 435(45.1) 144(33.1) 291(66.9)  
Presence of functional television in the house     0.001*
Yes 297(30.8) 160(53.9) 137(46.1)  
No 667(69.2) 279(41.8) 388(58.2)  
Presence of functional radio in the house     0.004*
Yes 415(43.1) 211(50.8) 204(49.2)  
No 549(57.0) 228(41.5) 321(58.5)  
HIV status disclosed to anyone     0.078*
Yes 822(85.3) 384(46.7) 438(53.3)  
No 142(14.7) 55(38.7) 87(61.3)  
Did you disclose to your husband/sexual partner? (n = 822)     <0.0001*
Yes 418(50.9) 221(52.9) 197(47.1)  
No 546(49.1) 163(40.4) 241(59.6)  
Perceived current health status     0.112#
Deteriorating 15(1.5) 3(20.0) 12(80.0)  
Improving 897(93.1) 410(45.7) 487(54.3)  
Same 52(5.4) 26(50.0) 26(50.0)  
Current WHO clinical stage     0.5378**
I 558(57.9) 255(45.7) 303(54.3)  
II 171(17.7) 84(49.1) 87(50.9)  
III 214(22.2) 91(42.5) 123(57.5)  
IV 21(2.2) 9(42.9) 12(57.1)  
Last CD4 count (n = 930) in cells/mm 3 (n = 930)     0.4926**
<200 163(17.5) 70(42.9) 93(57.1)  
> = 200 767(82.5) 352(45.9) 415(54.1)  
Median CD4 count (IQR) 351 (IQR = 235, 521)    
Currently on ART     0.543*
Yes 822(85.3) 371(45.1) 451(54.9)  
No 142(14.7) 68(47.9) 74(52.1)  
Taking other medication/prophylaxis currently     0.011*
Yes 760(78.8) 330(43.4) 430(56.6)  
No 204(21.2) 109(53.4) 95(46.6)  
Know husband’s/partner’s HIV status (n = 463)     
Yes 371(80.1) 205(55.3) 166(44.7) 0.365*
No 92(19.9) 46(50.0) 46(50.0)  
Husband’s/partner’s HIV status (n = 371)     0.451*
Negative 85(22.9) 50(58.8) 35(41.2)  
Positive 286(77.1) 155(54.2) 131(45.8)  
Total number of living children     0.0001**
None 167(17.3) 132(79.0) 35(21.0)  
1-2 508(52.7) 260(51.2) 248(48.8)  
> = 3 289(30.0) 47(16.3) 242(83.7)  
Median number of living children (IQR) 2(IQR = 1,3)    
  1. *-Person χ2 test, **-Trend χ2 test, #-Fisher’s exact test.