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Table 2 Awareness and knowledge of cervical cancer among men with partners eligible for cervical cancer screening (n = 110)

From: Men’s knowledge and attitudes about cervical cancer screening in Kenya

  N (%)
Awareness (% answered yes)  
Ever heard of cervical cancer 101 (91.8)
Ever heard of cervical cancer screening 98 (89.1)
Ever heard of HPV 48 (43.6)
Ever heard of pap smear 6 (5.5)
Ever heard of VIA 5 (4.6)
Knows someone with cervical cancer 5 (4.6)
Knowledge (% answered correctly)*  
Screening tests look for changes on your cervix that indicate you are at risk for cancer 63 (57.3)
Women should get screened for cervical cancer only if they have symptoms 82 (74.6)
If a woman has abnormal vaginal bleeding, discharge, or pain, she should see a medical provider to get screened for cervical cancer 63 (57.3)
Cervical cancer can be prevented 91 (82.7)
Screening tests can help prevent cervical cancer 87 (79.1)
There is no treatment for cervical cancer 57 (51.8)
Knowledge of Risk Factors (% answered correctly)  
Family planning increases risk 30 (27.3)
HIV increases risk 53 (48.2)
Only HIV + women are at risk 11 (10.0)
Washing inside the vagina decreases risk 30 (27.3)
Screening decreases risk 93 (84.6)
Nothing can prevent cervical cancer because it is fate or the will of God 83 (74.5)
Knowledge of HPV (% answered correctly)  
HPV is an infection that can cause cervical cancer 22 (20.0)
HPV is spread during close contact like during sexual intercourse 24 (21.8)
HPV infection is always symptomatic 7 (6.4)
Composite Knowledge Score (# correct out of 15) (mean +/- SD) 7.2 +/- 3.0
  1. HPV, human papillomavirus; VIA, visual inspection with acetic acid; SD, standard deviation.
  2. *Participants who answered “I don’t know” were counted as incorrect responses.