Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Characteristics associated with the likelihood of HPV self-sampling among women who had heard of HPV

From: Determinants of women’s likelihood of vaginal self-sampling for human papillomavirus to screen for cervical cancer in Taiwan: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Ever self-sampled for HPV among women who had heard of HPV ( N  = 297)
Yes No χ 2
n = 69 (23%) n = 228 (77%)
n (%) n (%)
Age range, years    7.54
  ≤ 29 9 (13.0) 60 (87.0)  
  30-39 33 (25.2) 98 (74.8)  
  40-49 19 (24.7) 58 (75.3)  
  ≥ 50 8 (40.0) 12 (60.0)  
Education    1.54
  ≤ High school 18 (23.4) 59 (76.6)  
  College 18 (21.7) 65 (78.3)  
  Bachelor’s degree 27 (22.5) 93 (77.5)  
  ≥ Graduate degree 6 (35.3) 11 (64.7)  
Annual household income (NT$)    7.27
  ≤ 500,000 16 (16.8) 79 (83.2)  
  510,000-1,000,000 32 (24.6) 98 (75.4)  
  1,010,000-1,500,000 10 (24.4) 31 (75.6)  
  1,510,000-2,000,000 5 (26.3) 14 (73.6)  
  ≥ 2,010,000 6 (50.0) 6 (50.0)  
Marital status    0.18
  Single (D, S, W)a 17 (21.5) 62 (78.5)  
  Married 52 (23.9) 166 (76.1)  
Residential area    0.14
  City 55 (23.6) 178 (76.4)  
  Town 10 (22.7) 34 (77.3)  
  Rural 4 (20.0) 16 (80.0)  
Previous Pap testing    32.5***
  Yes 67 (32.5) 139 (67.5)  
  No 2 (2.2) 89 (97.8)  
Perceived risk of cervical cancer    5.85**
  High 29 (32.2) 61 (67.8)  
  Low 40 (19.3) 167 (80.7)  
Willingness to self-sample    6.03*
  Willing 54 (27.6) 142 (72.4)  
  Unwilling/undecided 15 (14.9) 86 (85.1)  
HPV knowledgeb    11.2**
  High 28 (36.8) 48 (63.2)  
  Moderate 26 (20.5) 101 (79.5)  
  Low 15 (16.0) 79 (84.0)  
Priority consideration for HPV self-sampling    
  Cost 47 (20.1) 187 (79.9) 6.125*
  Clinical site/time 22 (34.9) 41 (65.1)  
  1. aD refers to divorced, S refers to separated, W refers to widowed.
  2. bHPV knowledge was categorized as high, moderate, and low based on the number of correct answers above the mode score, between median and mode score, or below the median score, respectively. Scores of ≥15 points were coded as a high level of knowledge, those with 13 to 14 points were coded as moderate knowledge, and those with ≤12 points were coded as low knowledge.
  3. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.