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Table 1 Summary of identified papers examining preconception care in women with chronic health conditions with thematic categorical groupings

From: The prevalence and nature of the use of preconception services by women with chronic health conditions: an integrative review

Author (Year) Country Method Data source/Participant recruitment Target population Conditions examined Sample Theme
I II III
Case et al. [52] United States Cross-sectional survey Texas 1999–2003 Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System Non-pregnant women Obesity, overweight, diabetes 6385 X   
Chuang et al. [53] United States Focus groups Community and outpatient clinic Non-pregnant women Diabetes, hypertension, obesity 72   X  
Diabetes and Pregnancy Group [64] France Cross-sectional survey Patients (outpatients and hospitalised) from specialist diabetes centres (n = 11) Non-pregnant women Type 1 diabetes 138   X  
Griffiths et al. [54] United Kingdom Semi-structured interviews UK specialist diabetes antenatal clinics (n = 4) Pregnant women Type 1 diabetes 15   X X
Kallas-Koeman et al. [56] Canada Prospective observation and survey Electronic medical records from diabetes clinic Non-pregnant women Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes 464 X   
Kim et al. [55] United States Prospective survey Translating Research into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) cohort study Non-pregnant women Type 1 diabetes 302 X   
King and Wellard [62] Australia Collective case study (via in-depth interviews) Local diabetes services and youth diabetes website Women with previous pregnancy Type 1 diabetes 7    X
Lavender et al. [58] England Semi-structured interviews and focus groups Obstetric and diabetes clinics in hospitals in North-West England (n = 3) Women with previous pregnancy Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes 22    X
McCorry et al. [59] Ireland Semi-structured interviews   Non-pregnant women Type 1 diabetes 14    X
Mittal et al. [57] United States Cross-sectional survey San Francisco General Hospital Family Health Center registry Non-pregnant women Diabetes, hypertension, obesity 27   X X
Murphy et al. [60] England Semi-structured interviews Diabetes specialist antenatal clinics (n = 3) Women who did not attend preconception care Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes 29    X
Sapiano et al. [65] Malta Longitudinal survey Diabetes hospital outpatient clinic Non-pregnant women Type 1 diabetes 27   X  
Tripathi et al. [61] England Cross-sectional survey Northern Diabetes in Pregnancy Survey Women with previous pregnancy Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes 588 X   
Zhu et al. [63] Australia Prospective survey Diabetes hospital outpatient clinic Non-pregnant women Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes 51 X X  
  1. I: Prevalence of engagement with preconception services and characteristics of users.
  2. II: Women’s knowledge of preconception care benefits, preconception information sources, and availability of preconception services.
  3. III: Women’s attitudes and experiences of preconception care and preconception services.