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Table 3 Absence of genito-anal injuries by factors related to the patient, rape and examination

From: Genito-anal injury patterns and associated factors in rape survivors in an urban province of South Africa: a cross-sectional study

  Total Absence of genito-anal injuries (N = 749) Presence of genito-anal injuries (N = 723) p value
PATIENT INFORMATION
Age (N = 1447)     0.000
<18 years 532 (36.8%) 221 (30.0%) 311 (43.9%)
18 - 44 years 853 (59.0%) 489 (66.3%) 364 (51.3%)
≥45 years 62 (4.3%) 28 (3.8%) 34 (4.8%)
Virgin (N = 1311)     0.000
No 950 (72.5%) 526 (80.4%) 424 (64.5%)
Yes 361 (27.1%) 128 (19.6%) 233 (35.5%)
Previously pregnant (N = 1131)     0.004
No 502 (44.4%) 243 (40.5%) 259 (48.8%)
Yes 629 (55.6%) 357 (59.5%) 272 (51.2%)
Disability (N = 1472)     0.354
No 1447 (98.3%) 734 (98.0%) 713 (98.6%)
Yes 25 (1.7%) 15 (2.0%) 10 (1.4%)
Under influence of drugs or alcohol (N = 1114)     0.835
No 1061 (95.2%) 536 (95.4%) 525 (95.1%)
Yes 53 (4.8%) 26 (4.6%) 27 (4.9%)
RAPE
Length of time perpetrator detained victim (N = 1411)     0.224
Less than a day 1204 (85.3%) 620 (86.6%) 584 (84.0%)
1 day of more 207 (14.7%) 96 (13.4%) 111 (16.0%)
Multiple perpetrators (N = 1437)     0.038
No 1168 (81.3%) 616 (83.6%) 552 (78.9%)
Yes 269 (18.7%) 121 (16.4%) 148 (21.1%)
Perpetrator victim relationship (N = 1414)     0.320
Any relative 99 (7.0%) 46 (6.4%) 53 (7.7%)
Curent or ex-partner 200 (14.1%) 113 (15.6%) 87 (12.6%)
Stranger or someone known only slightly/by sight 697 (49.3%) 346 (47.9%) 351 (50.8%)
Some other known person 418 (29.6%) 218 (30.2%) 200 (28.9%)
Perpetrator armed (N = 1442)     0.039
No 917 (63.6%) 448 (61.1%) 469 (55.2%)
Yes 525 (36.4%) 285 (38.9%) 240 (33.9%)
Victim hurt with weapon (N = 517)     0.116
No 399 (77.2%) 226 (79.6%) 173 (74.3%)
Yes 118 (22.8%) 58 (20.4%) 60 (25.8%)
Victim threatened (N = 1472)     0.273
No 809 (55.0%) 401 (53.5%) 408 (56.4%)
Yes 663 (45.0%) 348 (46.5%) 315 (43.6%)
Physical force used (N = 1429)     0.192
No 557 (39.0%) 273 (37.4%) 284 (40.6%)
Yes 872 (61.0%) 457 (62.6%) 415 (59.4%)
Victim resisted (N = 1472)     0.857
No 809 (55.0%) 410 (54.7%) 399 (55.2%)
Yes 663 (45.0%) 339 (45.3%) 324 (44.8%)
Number of penetrations (N = 1272)     0.117
1 861 (67.7%) 465 (69.8%) 396 (65.4%)
>1 411 (32.3%) 201 (30.2%) 210 (34.7%)
EXAMINATION
Time from rape to examination (N = 1262)     0.899
<2 days 1056 (83.7%) 528 (83.5%) 528 (83.8%)
2 - 10 days 206 (16.3%) 104 (16.5%) 102 (16.2%)
Doctor's qualification (N = 1223)     0.001
Medical degree 1072 (87.7%) 562 (91.5%) 510 (83.7%)
Higher than medical degree 151 (12.4%) 52 (8.5%) 99 (16.3%)