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Table 1 Characteristics of participants by PID status among Indigenous women in Far North Queensland during 1998-2005

From: Smoking, poor nutrition, and sexually transmitted infections associated with pelvic inflammatory disease in remote North Queensland Indigenous communities, 1998-2005

  No PID N = 1398 Yes N = 47 Overall N = 1445
  Mean or % (95% CI) Mean or % (95% CI) Mean or % (95%CI)
Mean age (years)* 37.6 (36.8-38.5) 28.9 (25.8-32.0) 37.4 (36.6-38.2)
Age groups %    
15-24 91.6 (87.3-94.6) 8.4 (5.4-12.7) 24.3 (22.1-26.6)
25-34 93.8 (89.9-96.2) 6.2 (3.8-10.1) 25.5 (23.4-27.9)
35-54 96.6 (93.8-98.2) 3.4 (1.8-6.2) 34.0 (31.6-36.5)
> = 55 98.7 (94.8-99.7) 1.3 (0.3-5.2) 16.2 (14.4-18.2)
Aboriginal % 60.7 (58.1-63.2) 68.1 (54.6-81.6) 60.9 (58.4-63.4)
Height (cm) 161.0 (160.6-161.3) 159.9 (158.1-161.7) 160.9 (160.6-161.2)
Weight (KG)* 74.4 (73.3-75.5) 66.7 (59.8-73.7) 74.2 (73.1-75.2)
WC (cm)* 96.6 (95.7-97.6) 88.9 (83.7-94.0) 96.4 (95.5-97.3)
BMI (Kg/m 2 )* 28.7 (28.2-29.1) 25.9 (23.5-28.3) 28.6 (28.2-29.0)
BMI categories %    
<18.5 9.2 (7.5-11.3) 17.0 (8.7-30.7) 8.7 (7.4-10.3)
18.5-24.9 26.1 (23.3-29.1) 34.0 (21.9-48.7) 26.7 (24.5-29.1)
> = 25 64.7 (61.5-67.8) 48.9 (34.9-63.1) 64.6 (62.0-67.0)
Systolic BP (mmHg)* 127.1 (125.9-128.2) 118.4 (115.1-121.8) 126.8 (125.7-127.9)
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 68.8 (68.1-69.5) 67.5 (64.4-70.6) 68.8 (68.1-69.4)
Hypertension %* 30.6 (27.6-33.7) 6.4 (2.0-18.2) 28.8 (26.5-31.2)
Total Cholesterol (mmol/L)* 4.78 (4.73-4.83) 4.39 (4.04-4.73) 4.8 (4.7-4.9)
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.58 (1.52-1.64) 1.52 (1.20-1.84) 1.58 (1.52-1.64)
LDL (mmol/L)* 2.93 (2.89-2.98) 2.59 (2.33-2.84) 2.9 (2.87-3.0)
HDL (mmol/L) 1.14 (1.13-1.16) 1.12 (1.03-1.20) 1.14 (1.12-1.16)
Hyperlipidemia % 0.7 (0.2-1.4) 0 0.5 (0.2-1.0)
Blood glucose (g/L) 5.8 (5.6-5.9) 5.3 (4.5-6.0) 5.8 (5.6-5.9)
Diabetes % 17.3 (14.9-19.9) 12.8 (5.8-25.8) 15.8 (14.1-17.8)
RCF (nmol/L)* 436.5 (427.1-445.9) 360.6 (319.4-401.8) 434.0 (424.8-443.2)
RCF quintile*    
1st IQR 562-716 25.2 (22.4-28.2) 8.7 (3.3-21.2) 25.0 (22.8-27.4)
2nd IQR 437-490 25.6 (22.7-28.6) 19.6 (10.4-33.7) 25.0 (22.8-27.4)
3rd IQR 340-392 23.3 (20.6-26.3) 34.8 (22.4-49.6) 25.0 (22.8-27.4)
4th IQR 208-286 25.9 (23.1-29.0) 37.0 (24.2-51.8) 25.0 (22.8-27.4)
Smoking %* 51.6 (49.0-54.2) 80.9 (69.5-92.2) 52.5 (50.0-55.1)
Median number of cigarettes (IQR) 12 (5–20) 10 (5–15) 12 (5–20)
Drinking % 58.6 (56.0-61.2) 70.2 (57.0-83.4) 59.0 (56.4-61.6)
PA enough % 20.7 (18.5-22.8) 17.0 (6.1-27.9) 20.6 (18.5-22.6)
Fruit > =2 and/or vegetable > =5 serves/day % 1.6 (1.0-2.3) 0 1.6 (0.9-2.2)
Chlamydia % 9.1 (7.6-10.6) 14.9 (4.6-25.2) 9.3 (7.8-10.8)
Gonorrhea %* 2.4 (1.6-3.2) 8.5 (0.4-16.6) 2.6 (1.7-3.4)
Chlamydia/gonorrhea %* 9.9 (7.9-11.9) 21.3 (9.4-33.1) 10.5 (8.8-12.0)
  1. *P < 0.05 using t-test or chi-square test; RCF quartile IQR: the interquartile range of red cell folate.
  2. *Hypertension defined as SBP > =140 and/or DBP > =90 mmHg; Hyperlipidemia defined as cholesterol > 5.5 or triglycerides > 2.0 or HDL > 2.0 mmol/L; Diabetes was defined as either clinical diagnosis verified by the participants’ medical records or a 2 hour glucose tolerance test, or fasting blood glucose level > 7.0 mmol/L.
  3. *Physical activity enough defined as meeting the WHO recommendation of more than 30 min per day doing moderate to vigorous physical activity for 5 days in the week prior to the survey [19].
  4. *Chlamydia and gonorrhea detected using PCR for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhea on all urine specimens.