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Table 1 Characteristics of pregnant women enrolled from antenatal clinics in Mwanza Region, Tanzania

From: Antenatal depression is associated with pregnancy-related anxiety, partner relations, and wealth in women in Northern Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

   Antenatal depression
Participant’s characteristics Total (N = 397) n (%a) Yes (n = 134) n (%) No (n = 263) n (%)
Age of pregnant women (years)    
 18–25 186 (46.9) 66 (49.3) 120 (45.6)
 26–35 176 (44.3) 57 (42.5) 119 (45.3)
 >35 35 (8.8) 11 (8.2) 24 (9.1)
Trimester    
 1st trimester 51 (12.9) 21 (15.7) 30 (11.4)
 2nd trimester 195 (49.1) 67 (50.0) 128 (48.7)
 3rd trimester 151 (38.0) 46 (34.3) 105 (39.9)
Gravidity    
 Primigravida 137 (34.5) 43 (32.1) 94 (35.7)
 Multigravida (2–4 times) 205 (51.6) 71 (53.0) 134 (51.0)
 Grand multigravida (≥5 times) 55 (13.9) 20 (14.9) 35 (13.3)
History of child loss    
 Yes 61 (15.4) 26 (19.4) 35 (13.3)
 No 199 (50.1) 65 (48.5) 134 (51.0)
 Not applicable – first pregnancy 137 (34.5) 43 (32.1) 94 (35.7)
Nature of previous pregnancies    
 Normal 225 (56.7) 70 (52.2) 155 (58.9)
 Abnormal 35 (8.8) 21 (15.7) 14 (5.3)
 Not applicable 137 (34.5) 43 (32.1) 94 (35.7)
Age of partner (years)    
 ≤30 198 (49.9) 69 (51.5) 129 (49.1)
 31–40 141 (35.5) 49 (36.6) 92 (35.0)
 >40 58 (14.6) 16 (11.9) 42 (16.0)
Marital status    
 Married 316 (79.6) 94 (70.2) 222 (84.4)
 Cohabiting 66 (16.6) 28 (20.9) 38 (14.5)
 Single 15 (3.8) 12 (9.0) 3 (1.1)
Level of education    
 No formal education 24 (6.1) 8 (6.0) 16 (6.1)
 Primary 216 (54.4) 78 (58.2) 138 (52.5)
 Secondary 112 (28.2) 37 (27.6) 75 (28.5)
 Higher education 45 (11.3) 11 (8.2) 34 (12.9)
Social economic status    
 High wealth tertile 180 (45.3) 49 (36.6) 131 (49.8)
 Low to moderate wealth tertiles 217 (54.7) 85 (63.4) 132 (50.2)
Family support    
 Very much supported 225 (56.7) 35 (26.1) 190 (72.2)
 Fairly supported 75 (18.9) 36 (26.9) 39 (14.8)
 Not supported at all 97 (24.4) 63 (47.0) 34 (12.9)
Pregnancy decision    
 Always involved 211 (53.1) 24 (17.9) 187 (71.1)
 Involved sometimes 139 (35.0) 69 (51.5) 70 (26.6)
 Never involved 47 (11.8) 41 (30.6) 6 (2.3)
Partner relations    
 Very good 219 (55.2) 22 (16.4) 197 (74.9)
 Fairly good 128 (32.2) 63 (47.0) 65 (24.7)
 Poor 50 (12.6) 49 (36.6) 1 (0.4)
Pregnancy-related anxiety    
 (median [IQR]) 14 [6] 18 [4] 13 [4.5]
  1. IQR Interquartile Range
  2. aPercentages might not add up to 100 due to rounding