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Table 6 Initial symptoms, number of health facilities visited, time span of referral, stage at diagnosis, and type of treatment received

From: Socio-economic and cultural vulnerabilities to cervical cancer and challenges faced by patients attending care at Tikur Anbessa Hospital: a cross sectional and qualitative study

Characteristics Number Percent
Initial symptoms encountered   
 Unusual vaginal bleeding 172 38.5
 Unusual heavy discharge 132 29.5
 Pelvic pain 67 15.0
 Pain during urination 39 8.7
 Bleeding after sexual intercourse 22 4.9
 Other (Back pain, bone pain, leg pain…) 15 3.4
Number of health facilities visited before being referred to Tikur Anbessa (n = 198)
 1 59 29.8
 2 83 41.9
 3 36 18.2
 4 10 5.1
 5 7 3.5
 6 or more 3 1.5
Time span of referral to Tikur Anbessa from first health care visit (n = 196)
 Less than 1 month 38 19.4
 1 - 2 month 63 32.1
 3 - 5 months 52 26.5
 6 months - 1 year 16 8.2
 1 year or more 27 13.8
Time span from referral to Tikur Anbessa and receiving a diagnosis (n = 175)
 Less than 1 month 16 9.1
 1 - 2 month 112 64.0
 3 - 5 months 42 24.0
 6 months - 1 year 4 2.3
 1 year or more 1 0.6
Diagnosed in other Institutions 23   
Time interval from diagnosis to treatment in Tikur Anbessa (n = 128)
 Less than 1 month 5 3.9
 1 - 2 months 30 23.4
 3 - 6 months 79 61.7
 More than 6 months 14 10.9
Type of treatment received (n = 128)
 Surgery 9 7.0
 Chemotherapy 3 2.3
 Radiotherapy 80 62.5
 Surgery and Radiotherapy 3 2.3
 Radiotherapy and Chemo therapy 29 22.7
 A combination of 1, 2 and 3 4 3.1
Stage of cervical cancer at diagnosis
 Stage III 59 46.0
 Stage II 49 38.0
 Stage IV 17 13.0
 Stage I 4 3.0