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Table 1 Distribution of key women socioeconomic characteristics and beliefs by marital status and inclusion criteria

From: Correlates of intimate partner violence against women during a time of rapid social transition in Rwanda: analysis of the 2005 and 2010 demographic and health surveys

  Interviewed about domestic violence    
  Included      
  % In union, partner interviewed % In union, partner not interviewed % Divorced, separated X2p-value % Widowed % Never in union
2005       
Woman’s age     <0.001   
  15–19 1.1 0.1 0.7   0.0 60.0
  20–29 39.9 30.9 30.5   3.0 33.7
  30–39 35.4 38.1 32.5   27.4 4.6
  40–49 23.5 30.9 36.4   69.5 1.6
Woman’s education     0.014   
  No school 28.3 34.1 34.1   40.6 8.6
  Primary 64.0 55.5 60.0   46.3 78.7
  Secondary or higher 7.7 10.4 5.9   13.1 12.7
Woman’s employment     0.033   
  Employed, for cash 17.0 18.0 24.7   24.9 19.6
  Employed, in - kind 50.0 51.4 46.2   42.9 26.2
  Not working 33.0 30.7 29.1   32.2 54.2
Household wealth     0.103   
  Top 4 quintiles 79.6 76.2 74.5   71.2 80.9
  Bottom quintile 20.4 23.8 25.5   28.8 19.1
Household residence     0.013   
  Urban 12.0 14.6 17.6   19.9 21.6
  Rural 88.0 85.4 82.4   80.1 78.4
Woman believes a man can beat his wife     0.822   
  0 reasons 53.5 51.7 52.2   57.2 52.9
  1+ reasons 46.5 48.3 47.8   42.8 47.1
  Total 100.0 100.0 100.0   100.0 100.0
  N (unweighted) 1888 448 378   157 1195
2010       
Woman’s age     <0.001   
  15–19 1.4 1.4 3.0   0.0 54.5
  20–29 42.5 30.0 30.4   5.2 39.7
  30–39 36.0 38.5 35.8   21.0 4.5
  40–49 20.1 30.1 30.8   73.8 1.3
Woman’s education     0.054   
  No school 19.4 19.4 27.3   36.4 6.1
  Primary 71.2 68.6 64.4   53.3 66.4
  Secondary or higher 9.4 12.1 8.4   10.3 27.5
Woman’s employment     0.005   
  Employed, for cash 56.9 52.8 65.9   60.5 34.6
  Employed, in - kind 22.7 28.3 16.2   18.8 23.6
  Not working 20.4 18.9 18.0   20.8 41.8
Household wealth     <0.001   
  Top 4 quintiles 82.5 74.3 68.7   74.2 86.2
  Bottom quintile 17.5 25.7 31.3   25.8 13.8
Household residence     0.697   
  Urban 12.7 13.7 14.4   17.7 18.3
  Rural 87.3 86.3 85.6   82.3 81.7
Woman believes a man can beat his wife     0.165   
  0 reasons 43.0 43.8 36.7   43.4 47.7
  1+ reasons 57.0 56.2 63.3   56.6 52.3
  Total 100.0 100.0 100.0   100.0 100.0
  N (unweighted) 2450 493 269   264 1532