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Table 1 Gender differentials based on selected background characteristics in Ethiopia, DHS 2005 and 2011

From: Correlates of gender characteristics, health and empowerment of women in Ethiopia

Background characteristics DHS 2005 DHS 2011
Women Men Women Men
Literacy
   Illiterate 78.80 55.00 61.60 34.80
   Literate 21.50 45.00 38.50 65.30
Educational Attainment
   No education 65.90 42.90 50.10 31.50
   Primary 22.20 37.30 35.50 47.30
   Secondary and higher 11.90 19.80 14.40 21.20
Access to any media (Radio/ TV/Newspaper)
   No access 53.70 33.00 60.13 40.40
   Infrequent access 25.80 30.80 23.27 42.30
   Frequent access 20.50 36.20 16.50 18.20
Exposure to messages about family planning (Radio/TV/News Paper)
   None 68.70 59.50 77.00 65.23
   Heard some message 31.30 40.50 23.00 34.77
  1. Source: Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (2005 and 2011) data